The Extent to Which the Policy Process in Britain is Open Democracy Essay

The Extent to Which the Policy Process in Britain is Open Democracy Essay

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The Extent to Which the Policy Process in Britain is Open Democracy To what extent
is the policy process in Britain open and democratic?" In order to
accomplish this, the terms 'democracy' and policy' will be defined, a
brief overview of the policy process will be given, and groups who
influence the policy process will be identified and their role within
it examined.

'The function of democracy is, fundamentally, to ensure the diffusion
of power by stipulating that each citizen has the ability to influence
the outcome of political decision-making'. (Fierlbeck K, 1998: page 51)

In defining public, as opposed to private policy, it can be said
simply that public policy is that which is determined by the state or
at least by one of its organs. Public policy is that which has been
deemed to be the concern of the state in general, so that governments
are entitled to make decisions about it; to adjust, amend or replace
policies. What governments cannot do is determine what is and what is
not a matter for public policy making. They may try, but it is, in the
end, forces outside their immediate control that decide where private
ends and public begins. So that popular demand, global developments
and economic determinants all affect the limits of public policy.
(Jordan, A. G. and Richardson, J.J., 1987)

The policy making process is usually a lengthy one. Bill Jones
identified three main stages; initiation, formulation and
implementation. Initiation is where the original idea comes from. More
often than not, it arises fro...


... middle of paper ...


...unders, P. (2001), Introduction to British Politics,
Cambridge, Polity Press

Fierlbeck K, (1998), International Relations and the Role of
Globalisation, Manchester, University of Manchester Press

James S, (1997), British Government: a reader in policy making,
London, Routledge

Jones B, (2001), Politics UK, London, Pearson Education Limited

Jordan, A. G. and Richardson, J.J., (1987), British Politics and the
Policy Process, Winchester, Allen & Unwin Inc.

Norton P, (2001) "Ministers, departments and civil servants" in Jones
B (Eds), Politics UK, London, Pearson Education Limited

Parsons W, (1995), Public Policy - An Introduction to the Theory and
Practise of Policy Analysis, Hants, Edward Elgar Publishing Limited

Smith, Martin J., (1993), Pressure, Power & Policy, Hertfordshire,
Harvester Wheatsheaf

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