Essay on Thomas Hobbes and John Locke

Essay on Thomas Hobbes and John Locke

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Hobbes and Locke


John Locke and Thomas Hobbes were famous political Theorists among
other things in their time. Hobbes who was born 40 years before Locke
had a very different perspective to Locke and both will be examined
more through this essay. Even though many of there theories were
different in the sixteenth century Hobbes and Locke' s theories became
closer as the rise of the state and decline of the feudal system
brought about the question of authority.

John Locke born in 1632 he was influenced political thought immensely.
He lived during the age of political upheaval. Locke had a theory of
natural law and natural right, he believed that a rational purpose to
government did exist defending the government as an institution. Locke
insisted that not only did a good government care for the well being
of it public but the well being of the government to. He believed in
gradual social reform and the change in laws rather than revolution.
And that we would live in a state of harmony. Locke believed that all
men had friendly nature and would do no harm. And that man had to
learn for experiences during life. He believed that the state had to
protect mans three natural rights life, liberty and property. Locke
saw the government as a safeguard to protect the rights of the
individuals as the guarantor of society and the consenting government.
But he also suggested that people had the right to rebel, to remove
governments which failed to fulfil what the society wanted. Locke was
a liberalist and believed that people have the right to reserve and
restrain offenders, but not to judge them.

Thomas Hobbes was born in 1588; he lived thr...


... middle of paper ...


...e is no power to enforce a
covenant. Therefore all sovereigns are in a state of war with each
other. If a citizen wishes peace he must defend the commonwealth
"otherwise the institution of the commonwealth, which they have not
the purpose to preserve was in vain" and he says they are all in the
State of War. Hobbes also contributed to modern psychology and laid
the foundations of modern sociology by applying mechanistic principles
in an attempt to explain human motivation and social organization.

Hobbes point of view on human nature and how a government should be
run is a more realistic way of looking at things than Locke's theory.
Hobbes and Locke both agreed that a social contrast was necessary to
prevent anarchy and that certain individual s taking advantage of
others natural right. The difference between the two.

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