Causes of World War One Essay

Causes of World War One Essay

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Causes of World War One

There were many reasons as to why WWI began. The long term causes were
imperial and economic rivalry between Britain and Germany. Britain was
jealous of Germany because Germany's strength was growing- it was
producing more iron and steel than Britain. Germany's navy was growing
and its empire was expanding. Germany was jealous of Britain's empire
and wealth. It also feared the fact that unfriendly countries (France
and Russia) were on its eastern and western borders.

Because of all this rivalry, Britain decided to make an alliance with
France and Russia. This was called the ''triple entente''. This meant
that if any country tried to attack them, the rest of the entente
would back them up. Germany already had an alliance called the
''triple alliance'' with Italy and Austria-Hungary (then 2 countries.

Most historians agree that by 1914, Britain and Germany were looking
for an excuse to start a war and settle things once and for all.
No-one expected a long war, just to see who was the strongest. On June
28 1914, they found their excuse. This was the 'spark'. The
Austria-Hungarian heir ARCHDUKE FRANZ FERDINAND was assassinated by a
Serb nationalist GAVRILO PRINCIP.

Austria-Hungary blamed Serbia and declared war on them. Russia said
they would defend Serbia which prompted Germany to order Russia not to
help Serbia. Russia declined so Germany declared war on Russia and
started to move its army towards France and Belgium. The French army
was put on alert ready for a German invasion. France already disliked
Germany and wanted revenge after, in 1871, France lost two of its
regions (Alsace and Lorraine) to Germ...


... middle of paper ...


...wards or forwards until well into 1918 which caused
even more casualties.

During ww1, 20 million people had died. 9 million died in combat.
There were lots of casualties because ww1 was a total war which meant
it affected soldiers as well as civilians. There were over 200,000
dead soldiers in the British Empire of which 1/3 were Indian.

WWI was often known as the ''great war'' or ''the war to end all
wars'' because the stupidity and violence of the war was so horrific
that people thought nothing like this would ever happen again. The war
then ended with the signing of the ''treaty of versailles''thesis one
of the reasons why the war went on for so long. Despite world hope
that the end of the war would restore peace on a permanent basis, WWI
actually provided the basis for an even more devastating
conflict-WWII.

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