In order to answer the question posed, it is important to firstly
define what is meant by the two important terms, I can then both
compare and contrast Anomie and Alienation and discuss some of the
complex issues surrounding both.
Alienation is seen to be the separation from oneself, other
individuals, society, or work. Some sociologists believe that
alienation is inevitably produced not by the individual but by the
shallowness and the lack of individuality of modern society. The
concept of alienation has been held to account for behaviour patterns
as diverse as motiveless violence and total immobility.
Alienation is a state in which the creations of humanity appear to
humans as alien objects. People create their own society but remain
alienated until they recognise themselves within their own creation.
Until this time people will assign an independent existence to
objects, ideas and institutions and be controlled by them. In the
process they lose themselves, become strangers in the world they
created: they become alienated.
The notion of alienation is an ancient one. St Augustine wrote that,
because of its corrupt nature, humanity was alienated from God.
However, he believed that a compromise could be gained through the
belief in Christ. To Sigmund Freud, alienation was self-estrangement
caused by the split between the conscious and unconscious parts of the
mind. In the 19th century Karl Marx gave an economic analysis of
alienation. He suggested that people were alienated from their own
labour; because they did not own their means of production their work
was appropriated ...
... middle of paper ...
... cause confusion with the points in that
* Albrow, M. (1999) Sociology the basics, London: Routledge
· Baldwin, et al. (1999) Introducing cultural studies , London:
· Bilton, et al. (1996) Introductory Sociology 3rd ed, London:
Macmillan press LTD
· Blauner, R. (1964) Alienation and freedom, Chicago: University of
· Bottomore, T.B., Rubel, M.(eds) (1963) Karl Marx: Selected writings
in sociology and social philosophy, Penguin: Harmondsworth
* Calvert, C., Calvert, P. (1992) Sociology today, Hertfordshire:
· Cohen, R., Kennedy, P. (2000) Global sociology, Bristol: Palgrave
* Haralambos, M., Holborn, M. (2000) Sociology themes and
perspectives 5th ed, London: Collins
* Lecture notes (2002-2003)
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