The cosmological argument seeks to prove the existence of God by
looking at the universe. It is an A posteriori proof based on
experience and the observation of the world not logic so the outcome
is probable or possible not definite. The argument is in three forms;
motion, causation and being. These are also the first three ways in
the five ways presented by Aquinas through which he believed the
existence of God could be shown. Aquinas regarded Aristotle as the
principal philosopher so many of these concepts originate in the
thinking of Aristotle.
One example of the cosmological argument is the argument of causation.
Everything has a cause. Everything itself has a cause. But, you cannot
have an infinite number of causes. Therefore there must have been an
uncaused causer, which causes everything to happen without itself
being caused by anything else. Such an uncaused cause is what people
understand by 'God'.
This idea was revisited by William Lane Craig who developed the Kalam
cosmological argument. He reinforced the contention that the universe
must have had a creator by firstly proving that the universe if
finite. He proves this by explaining that the present would not exist
in an actual infinite universe, because successive additions cannot be
added to an actual infinite. The present does exist, as a result of a
chronological series of past events. The universe must be finite.
Craig seeks to prove that the universe must have had a beginning in
time and that there must have been a creator who was uncaused. The
Kalam argument makes the cosmologi...
... middle of paper ...
...but does not prove there was a being that started this. The
beginning of the universe could be put down to coincidence followed by
the evolution of life. However, it does not disprove the existence of
an uncaused causer. How do we not know that God was not responsible
for the big bang?
In conclusion we can see that there are many reasons to believe that
the universe must have had a beginning. Both from a philosophical and
scientific point of view. However, this cannot be proved, we are still
able to question the idea. It is also debatable as to whether or not a
personal creator was involved. This is down to personal belief and
faith in God. I do not personally believe that the cosmological
argument is strong enough to prove the existence of God. But, it is
very convincing in proving that the universe had a beginning.
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