Essay on Biography of Sir Isaac Newton

Essay on Biography of Sir Isaac Newton

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Isaac Newton's life can be divided into three quite distinct periods.
The first is his boyhood days from 1643 up to his appointment to a
chair in 1669. The second period from 1669 to 1687 which was the
highly productive period in which he was a professor at Cambridge
University. The third period (nearly as long as the other two
combined) saw Newton as a highly paid government official in London
with little further interest in mathematical research.

Isaac Newton was born in the manor house of WoolsThorpe, near Grantham
in Lincolnshire. By the calendar in use at the time of his birth he
was born on Christmas Day 1642. Isaac Newton came from a family of
farmers but never knew his father, also named Isaac Newton. Although
Isaac's father owned property and animals, which made him quite a
wealthy man, he was completely uneducated and could not sign his own
name.

Isaac's mother Hannah Ayscough remarried Barnabas Smith the minister
of the church at North Witham, a nearby village, when Isaac was two
years old. The young child was then left in the care of his
grandmother Margery at Woolsthorpe. Basically treated as an orphan,
Isaac did not have a happy childhood. His grandfather James was never
mentioned by Isaac in later life and the fact that James left nothing
to Isaac in his will, made when the boy was ten years old, suggests
that there was no love lost between the two. There is no doubt that
Isaac felt very bitter towards his mother and his stepfather Barnabas
Smith. When examining his sins at age nineteen, Isaac listed: -

Threatening my father and mother Smith to burn them and the house over
them.

Upon the death of his ...


... middle of paper ...


...bridge to take up a government position in
London becoming Warden of the Royal Mint in 1696 and Master in 1699.
However, he did not resign his positions at Cambridge until 1701. As
Master of the Mint, adding the income from his estates, we see that
Newton became a very rich man. For many people a position such as
Master of the Mint would have been treated as simply a reward for
their scientific achievements. Newton did not treat it as such and he
made a strong contribution to the work of the Mint. He led it through
the difficult period of recoinage and he was particularly active in
measures to prevent counterfeiting of the coinage. In 1703 he was
elected president of the Royal Society and was re-elected each year
until his death. He was knighted in 1705 by Queen Anne, the first
scientist to be so honoured for his work.

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