How Psychologists Define and Explain Substance Abuse Essay

How Psychologists Define and Explain Substance Abuse Essay

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(a) Psychologists have carefully defined the abuse of a substance to
be that of the misuse of a substance which is psychologically and
physiologically addictive.

Rosenhan and Seligman defined it to be the clear existence or a
pattern of pathological or heavy daily use with a strong inability to
stop or decrease the use of a substance, and therefore becoming
dependant upon the substance. The findings of Rosenhan and Seligman
also showed that heightened problems developed as seen from a social
aspect, for example losing friends, and also from an occupational
point of view in terms of repeatedly losing jobs. In certain cases
these problems developed as a result of substance abuse.

Explanations for the addiction to or abuse of a substance can point
towards external cues or a form of classical conditioning. An example
of an external or possibly a social cue is that of being in a pub with
a drink. The instinct is to then light up a cigarette. This is
therefore similar to the theory behind 'Pavlov's Dog's', in which
dog'...

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How Psychologists Define and Explain Substance Abuse Essay

- (a) Psychologists have carefully defined the abuse of a substance to be that of the misuse of a substance which is psychologically and physiologically addictive. Rosenhan and Seligman defined it to be the clear existence or a pattern of pathological or heavy daily use with a strong inability to stop or decrease the use of a substance, and therefore becoming dependant upon the substance. The findings of Rosenhan and Seligman also showed that heightened problems developed as seen from a social aspect, for example losing friends, and also from an occupational point of view in terms of repeatedly losing jobs....   [tags: Substance Abuse Essays]

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