In Joyce Carol Oates story, a teenage girl named Connie was stripped
of her innocence. " Gonna get you baby"( 497).This chilling line is
what the devil said to Connie the first time Connie came in contact
with him which foreshadows of things to come. This one comment clearly
points to a situation where Connie would be taken from a safe haven of
innocence. She would be TAKEN, not simply invited. Connie was a
regular teenage girl set in the 1960's who wanted to rebel against her
parents and authority. In conflict with Connie is the character Arnold
Friend, the devil. To her, he is everything she wants, he is a
manifestation of her own desires and is appealing to her. But behind
this "mask" he is portraying he has other intentions than he is
Along with Arnold Friend is his advocate, Ellie, who helps Arnold with
his plans for Connie. This story branches off into the supernatural
with the question of whether or not Connie gives into the devil's
temptation willingly. Many believe that the devil cannot come to take
you, but instead, you must give in to
him. Connie does just that. Oates is showing in "Where are you going,
where have you been" Connie's innocence vs. Arnold Friends corruption
and evil nature. Arnold Friend had ways of manipulating Connie's mind
that an ordinary human wouldn't have been able to.
This stranger with shaggy black hair introduced himself as Arnold
Friend, but as irony would have it, he would turn out to be just the
opposite of a friend. Arnold is the mental projection of a modern day
Satan, dressed just as Connie liked. Ellie could be ...
... middle of paper ...
...er by Arnold. Arnold's emotional and evil
spiritual control over Connie made her do something she would have
never regularly done.
Kirsner, Laurie G. , and Stephen R. Mandell, eds.
Literature: Reading, Reacting, Writing. 5th ed.
Boston: Heinle, 2004.
Oates, Joyce Carol. "Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?"
Kirszner and Mandell 495-507.
Schulz, Gretchen, and R.J.R. Rockwood. "In Fairyland, without a Map:
Exploration Inward in Joyce Carol Oate's 'Where Are You Going, Where
You Been?'" Kirszner and Mandell 512-15.
Slimp, Stephen. From" Oates 'Where Are You Going, Where Have
You Been?'" Kirszner and Mandell 522-24.
Tierce, Mike, and John Michael Crafton. "Connie's Tambourine Man: A
Reading of Arnold Friend." Kirszner and Mandell 515-18
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