Comparing the Relative Importance of Political Leadership, Military Skill and Resources as Reasons for the Outcome of the American Civil War

Comparing the Relative Importance of Political Leadership, Military Skill and Resources as Reasons for the Outcome of the American Civil War

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Comparing the Relative Importance of Political Leadership, Military Skill and Resources as Reasons for the Outcome of the American Civil War

The American Civil war was the bloodiest conflict in American history,
with some 620,000 Americans to die in the four-year conflict. This
'inevitable conflict' as William Seward a politician named the great
animosity between the Union and the Confederacy, was the result of
years of antagonism, due mainly to the particular institution of
slavery. There are numerous reasons for the defeat of the South in the
civil war. The main factors to consider for each side, when examining
why the Confederate lost the civil war were are, political leadership,
military skill, and resources.

Political leadership is the most important reason why the South lost
the American Civil war. Jefferson Davis was the president of the
Confederacy. Davis was reluctant to accept the role of president,
however compared with Abraham Lincoln the president of the Union;
Davis was better qualified to lead a nation at war. Lincoln had an
easier task than Jefferson Davis. The Union had a well-established
trained bureaucracy. The South however had no government and so a
government had to be established from scratch. This proved a very
challenging task for the 'weak, timid, petulant, peevish, and
obstinate' Davis, as A. Stephens the vice president of the Confederacy
described him. Lincoln is generally seen as successful in
communicating with people, as he could keep political factions working
for a common cause. Davis however is blamed for the disunion of the
Confederacy. Davis interfered too much in military matters, causing
feuds ...


... middle of paper ...


...nfederacy had attempted to defend the West then this
would of left the most important industrial state Virginia open to
attack. The fact that the South decided to concentrate its efforts on
the most important states and not the west probably helped the South
to survive against the North for the four years it did.

Overall the Southern defeat by the North was due mainly to the lack of
resources. The South with the challenge of starting a government from
scratch and sustaining a war against a well established government
(Union) did surprisingly well to survive for four years, against the
Union. Davis the leader of the Confederacy did sustain the Confederate
cause for four years even if the aim of ultimate independence was not
achieved the eventual reconstruction period did greatly consider
states' rights and the people.

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