Essay on Evaluation of Research into Eating Disorders

Essay on Evaluation of Research into Eating Disorders

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Evaluation of Research into Eating Disorders

Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa

Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa are the two main types of eating
disorders that have been found, mainly in the western world.

The term Anorexia Nervosa means Loss of appetite, but sufferers of
Anorexia Nervosa do not actually have a loss of appetite, in fact most
of the people with Anorexia have normal appetites and will most likely
be very hungry, but they will still behave as if they have lost their
appetite. The A.P.A (American Psychiatric Association) (1994) states
that Anorexia occurs in 0.5-1.0 % of females in late adolescence or
early adulthood.

The main characteristic of Anorexia Nervosa is the constant obsession
of bodyweight and sufferers will usually be under the minimum expected
bodyweight but will still be afraid of putting on weight or gaining
body fat. Their food intake is usually restricted to 600-700 calories
per day.

Bulimia Nervosa sufferers are very different they tend to induce
themselves in secret binge eating, but then rid their bodies of the
food usually by self induced vomiting, the over use of laxatives or
sometimes by excessive exercising. Unlike Anorexics, Bulimics are
usually within the expected bodyweight, but like Anorexia, the
sufferers have a distorted body image of themselves and those of
people they model themselves upon (supermodels, pop singers, etc).

The Biological model tends to treat abnormality's, such as eating
disorders, as physical illness's and it is believed that treatment of
these disorders should be dealt with in a physical way, such as drug
treatment (chemotherapy). One explanat...

... middle of paper ...

...n the past 30 years and it is becoming ever more
apparent that society and the media is playing a big part in the
development of these disorders. The study of Egyptian women in Egypt
and in London has (done by Naseer) shown that in Egypt, where there is
no media representation that "thin is beautiful", eating disorders are
very rare, whereas in London where we are ruled by this ideal, eating
disorders arte very common. But currently the dominant idea of how
eating disorders are formed is the psychodynamic approach that states
that these disorders are being developed because of sexual abuse in
the early childhood of women and the fact that individuality is
frowned upon in families and eating disorders are occurring as an easy
form of rebellion by saying "you can't make me eat, I control what I
eat and what I don't eat".

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