The religion of Islam is held up by five pillars, known as the five
pillars of Islam. These are five ritual duties that Muslims view as
central to their faith. These are: (1) pronouncing the confession of
faith (shahada); (2) performing the five daily prayers (salat); (3)
fasting during the month of Ramadan (saum); (4) paying the alms tax
(zakat) and (5) performing at least once in their life, the major
pilgrimage to Mecca (hajj).
Hajj is a pilgrimage carried out by people who follow the Islamic
religion. Most of the world religions have a pilgrimage that its
followers make. In some religions pilgrimage is not an important
commitment for all believers but in Islam it is essential. The word
pilgrimage means to set out with a purpose or journey to a sacred
world. For Muslims this sacred place is Mecca and the purpose is to
follow in the footsteps and actions of the prophet Muhammad as he
entered Mecca and to show complete submission to Allah.
Unlike the minor pilgrimage to Mecca (Umrah), which can be performed
at any time, the hajj can only be carried out once a year and unfolds
in a set sequence on specific dates, during the first two weeks of the
Islamic month of Dhu al-Hijja. Since the Islamic year is lunar and
without intercalation, the hajj as with all Islamic festivals is
independent of season.
Hajj takes place annually and is the duty of all healthy adult Muslim
men and women to perform the hajj at least once in their lifetime, so
long as they possess the means and their route and transport are safe.
The pilgrims must be able to afford the journey without causing
hardship to the rest of the family. Some M...
... middle of paper ...
...heir heads shaved and women
trim their hair by at least two and a half centimetres as a symbol of
new beginnings as they exit the sacred state of Ihram.
When the return to Makkah they can buy water from the Zamzam believing
it cures diseases, the take as much as they can carry to their
families. They also have the chance to buy pieces of the black cloth
The feast of Eid ul Adha is the climax of the Hajj pilgrimage and the
major festival in the Islamic year. It commemorates the triumph of
Ibrahim's faith over the temptations of the devil.
On the completion of Hajj the male pilgrims take the title Hajji and
women Hajja. They have fulfilled their promise and completed their
once in a lifetime tri. Some Muslims make the journey many times, in
fact it is considered a blessing from god to die on Hajj.
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