The Realist and Liberalist Perspectives on International Relations and US Policy Stance Toward Iraq

The Realist and Liberalist Perspectives on International Relations and US Policy Stance Toward Iraq

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The Realist and Liberalist Perspectives on International Relations and US Policy Stance Toward Iraq

There are two prominent stances in International Relations. The
schools of thought are commonly referred to as realist and liberalist.
There are various names that they are called, and they can also be
split further into subdivisions. However, for the purposes of this
question I will just refer to the main schools of thought, and the
main aims of both the paradigms. At a first glance at this question,
my gut feeling is that the United States aims to achieve the same as
the liberalists, that of world peace. But the current stance of the US
policy is to achieve this utopia by realist methods, pre-emptive war,
balance of power and deterrence.

The realist stance to International Relations believes that it is the
state that is the most important actor and that war is a permanent
likelihood and war is never far away. The statement that can reinforce
this is; "security is the dominant goal of any state"[1]. For a state
to achieve its goals, the realists argue that it uses both military
and economic power to manipulate International Relations in the
current climate. Realist belief is that the state is the only dominant
power that can influence the military to such an extent. It cannot
only impose order internally, but also be used to do so inside rogue
and failing states. The use of the military to achieve its goals
raises the fear of another nation that, inadvertently, brings war ever
closer through the distrust and paranoia of other nations.

As security is the dominant goal, the state will have military forces.
In a world full of such st...

... middle of paper ...

...ures politically in Iraq causing civil war and
the possibility of somebody more extreme gaining power. Also the world
oil market would be in turmoil should such a war be fought. This is
another argument for deterrence rather then a pre-emptive war.

[1] Nicholson M, International Relations, A Concise Introduction,
2002, pp93

[2] Nicholson M, International Relations, A Concise Introduction,
2002, pp 93

[3] Financial Times, 21/22 September 2002, pp1

[4] Financial Times, 30 September 2002

[5] International Herald Tribune, 28/9 September 2002

[6] Nicholson M, International Relations: A Concise Introduction,
2002, pp99

[7] Financial Times, 21/22 September 2002, pp1

[8] Nicholson M, International Relations: A Concise Introduction, 2002

[9] Financial Times, 21/22 September 2002, pp1

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