The Holocaust Essay

The Holocaust Essay

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The Holocaust

When the Nazis came to power in 1933, the Jews were their very
first target. The infamous boycott against Jewish businesses took
place in April 1933 and the first laws against the Jews were enacted
as early as on April 7, 1933. Jews were progressively erased from
almost every facet of German life. The Nuremberg Laws, passed in 1935,
further depriving the Jews of almost every remaining right and
freedom. This culminated in the bloodiest programme to date the
Kristallnacht (Night of Broken Glass) in November 1938. Over 100 Jews
were murdered and a "fine" was levied against the Jews in excess of 1
billion RM.

*

The Communists were often explicitly targeted as well, but the Nazis
believed that Communism was a creature of the Jews in any event. The
expression often used was "Jews and other undesirables," and the Jews
were almost always the first group targeted in any initiative. There
is no doubt that they were the focal point from beginning to end.

The Nazis wasted very little time after Hitler's appointment as
chancellor on 30 January 1933. The first 2 laws were issued on 7 April
33rd excluding "non-Aryans" (i.e., primarily Jews but it could also
include others, such as Gypsies) from the civil service (including
teachers) and from legal professions. A similar law regarding
physicians was promulgated on April. 22nd. These initial laws often
provided for some exceptions for 'privileged non-Aryans', mostly
because suddenly excluding all Jews would have been disruptive and
left many people without anyone to provide these services. However,
subsequently, the exemptions were cancelled.

- On April 25th - the "L...


... middle of paper ...


...l as the governments of the United States and
Great Britain.

In April 1943, the 65,000 remaining Jews of Warsaw offered resistance
to German police who entered the ghetto in a final roundup. The battle
was fought for three weeks.

When the war ended, millions of Jews, Slavs, Gypsies, homosexuals,
Jehovah's Witnesses, Communists, and others targeted by the Nazis, had
died in the Holocaust. The Jewish deaths numbered more than 5 million:
about 3 million in killing centres and other camps, 1.4 million in
shooting operations, and more than 600,000 in ghettos. (Traditional
estimates are closer to 6 million.) Pressure was placed on the Allied
powers to establish a permanent haven in Palestine for Jewish
survivors. The establishment of Israel three years after Germany's
defeat was thus an after effect of the Holocaust.

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