Mandela's childhood was very important in shaping him to be the man he
was. His father losing his land in 1919 would have affected Mandela's
opinion of how the country works as he grew up, and when he was 16 the
main speaker at his circumcision told that "Blacks were slaves in
their own country". He grew up with the opinion that his country
needed a better rule, because of how unfair it was to Black people.
His earliest decisions to fight for Black liberation were made here.
Another turning point was when Chief Jongintaba died in 1942. He then
stayed in Johannesburg instead of moving back to Mqhekezweni, this
showed he wanted to make an impact on the country as a whole instead
of just his tribe or area; he was beginning to see that the duty was
to his people as a whole, and ethic loyalties gave way to a common
purpose. This is where Mandela's campaign for equality for Blacks
This reason was not only important for him at the time, but it led to
Mandela's ideas about a multi-racial South Africa, directing him
towards the formation of the ANC Youth League; the Youth League being
important because it was the most active sector of the party - it had
the best chance of causing reform in South Africa.
Another turning point in Mandela's life was the formation of the MK,
or Spear of the People, when he realised that peaceful protest wasn't
going to work (after seeing the Sharpeville and Langa massacres). It
was from this that he was sentenced to jail in 1964, important because
he achieved the world stage that would make him a symbol of unity for
the worldwide anti-apartheid movement.
Mandela's release in 1990 was the ...
... middle of paper ...
...ft wing he would have been labelled as a liberal and his
plans would not have worked. He took a great risk to his political
career in 1992 by having a referendum on whether or not to end
apartheid and this risk paid off because 70% voted "Yes"! F.W. de
Klerk also began laying the groundwork for South Africa's first-ever
multiracial elections, which were held in 1994, where Mandela's ANC
party (freed by de Klerk) won.
De Klerk was therefore more important in ending apartheid because of
the risks that he, as President, needed to take and he even kept the
CODESA talks going when even Mandela wanted to end them! De Klerk put
effort throughout his career as President into paving the way for
apartheid rule to become abolished; Mandela took the glory for freeing
South Africa from apartheid but de Klerk did most of the work.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The Role of External Pressure in the Fight Against Apartheid and Minority Rule in South Africa External pressure played a very important part in bringing about the end of the apartheid. The embodied rejection of White domination in South Africa, in formations of protests, strikes and demonstrations caused a decade of turbulent mass action in resistance to the imposition of still harsher forms of segregation and oppression. The Defiance Campaign of 1952 carried mass mobilisation to new heights under the banner of non-violent resistance to the pass laws.... [tags: ANC South Africa]
1577 words (4.5 pages)
- South Africa became an independent republic in 1994 after a long struggle against Apartheid regime. Currently, the country has a little over 54 million population according to the South African mid-year statistics. With an estimated total GDP of $725 billion and a GDP per capita of $13,200 (World Bank), South Africa Africa’s biggest economy. Between 1981 and 2005, the country has had only two years involvement with the IMF but it has not been under any of the Fund’s conditions since 2005. The reason for this I have not been able to ascertain in the literature but I can speculate it might have something to do with the Apartheid bequeathed economic structure.... [tags: South Africa, Africa, Poverty]
1553 words (4.4 pages)
- After the National Party won the elections of 1948 and introduced legislative measures for the promotion of apartheid, harsher political repression arose and led to increased organization among blacks. Before the 1940s, society was often overwhelmed by the numerous acts of rebellion that many blacks carried out in their daily lives; however, many black organizations refrained from visible remonstration of the National Party government. In the 1950s until the mid-1990s, the significant shift to new black political tactics that stressed open protest became a driving force in the fight against apartheid.... [tags: South Africa Apartheid Essays]
2809 words (8 pages)
- The word “apartheid” means “separateness” in Afrikaans Language. Human Rights, according to “Article 1, UN Declaration of Rights” states that “ All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in spirit of brotherhood”. The native Africans were being segregated from the whites and were treated as second class citizens. The black residents felt that the apartheid policies violated their rights. Human rights of South African natives were violated when a racial segregation system, called Apartheid, based upon skin color was established by the South African government.... [tags: South Africa Apartheid Essays]
1672 words (4.8 pages)
- Apartheid was a dark time in the history of South Africa. The African National Congress played a major role in the breaking of Apartheid. Nelson Mandela played a critical role in bringing democracy to South Africa. This paper will show how the African National Congress was involved in the Anti-Apartheid movement and how the African National Congress and Nelson Mandela Changed the country as a whole. To understand how South Africa changed, one must know the history of Apartheid and the effects it had on the country.... [tags: South Africa Apartheid Essays]
1510 words (4.3 pages)
- Development of the apartheid in South Africa primarily began when the Dutch colonized the area during the 17th century. Furthermore, the sole purpose of the apartheid was to strategically enforce white supremacy by bringing upon segregation among the people of South Africa based on their race or ethnicity in which they had to identify as European, Indian, colored (mixed race), or African (“ Struggle”). By pushing aside the native population of the area, power was then overtaken by the whites whom believed they were superior; this consequently pushed non-whites into a system of oppression.... [tags: South Africa, Nelson Mandela]
1143 words (3.3 pages)
- Segregation is a concept as old as time, and it is not unique to the United States. South Africa still suffers from the effects of an organized and government mandated system of segregation called apartheid that lasted for over a quarter of a century. Apartheid, literally translated from Afrikaans, means apartness (Mandela 40). It is defined as a policy of racial segregation and “political and economic discrimination against non-European groups in the Republic of South Africa” (“Apartheid”).... [tags: South African Apartheid 2014]
2100 words (6 pages)
- Apartheid, the Afrikaans word for “apartness” was the system used in South Africa from the years 1948 to 1994. During these years the nearly 31.5 million blacks in South Africa were treated cruelly and without respect. They were given no representation in parliament even though they made up most of the country. It was not until 1994 when a black man named Nelson Mandela came to power in the South Africa congress. Once elected Mandela removed all racist laws against blacks and all other minorities.... [tags: South African Apartheid ]
853 words (2.4 pages)
- "Racism is mans gravest threat to man...the maximum of hatred for a minimum reason." -- Abraham Heschel The Apartheid. An experience that left thousands of Black South Africans without rights, property, and even lives. Although original in its name, the ideas were not original in itself. The ordeal dates back to 1652 when the early Dutch settlers moved into Black territory on a mission to "change the order of civilization" (Rotberg 18). "Boers" (Rotberg; 18) as the Dutch called themselves, took up "an extreme fundamentalist Calvinist interpretation of religion" (Rotberg 19).... [tags: South African Apartheid ]
1545 words (4.4 pages)
- Have you ever wondered how it would feel to be considered inferior because of your race. The people of South Africa had to endure racial inferiority during the era of apartheid. The apartheid laws the government of South Africa made led to an unequal lifestyle for the blacks and produced opposition. South Africa really began to suffer when apartheid was written into the law. Apartheid was first introduced in the 1948 election that the Afrikaner National Party won. The plan was to take the already existing segregation and expand it (Wright, 60).... [tags: South Africa Apartheid Essays]
1513 words (4.3 pages)