de Gaulle and the Granting of Independence to Algeria Essays

de Gaulle and the Granting of Independence to Algeria Essays

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de Gaulle and the Granting of Independence to Algeria

Charles de Gaulle played a vital role in the decolonisation of
Algeria. There were a number of factors that lead up to independence
of Algeria for example the FLN.

The FLN were the foundation of the nationalist movement, after seeing
France occupied by Germany in the Second World War the Algerians
realised that the French were not unbeatable, and set about to over
throw the French and reclaim their country, which was occupied by both
colons and the French army.

In order to try and gain independence the FLN resorted to terrorism
starting in 1954, attacking European settlements, their tactics were
responded to with a massive show of force by the French Army. They had
previously been defeated in Indo-China in 1940, Vietnam in 1954 and
the Suez in 1956. They were determined to defeat the rising
opposition. Their actions were aggressive and overpowering. Whole
villages were arrested and their citizens tortured. The majority of
Algerians had previously kept out of the action and stayed quiet,
however the French Armies actions had a reverse effect, instead of
crushing the FLN as it had intended to, it in fact made them stronger,
as more and more Muslims flocked to join the FLN. The army were
becoming increasingly distant from the French Government and
increasingly weaker.

When the French army attacked a terrorist stronghold in Tunisia there
was massive media attention and the UN had to get involved. The attack
had been carried out without the permission or the knowledge of the
Government. The events unfolding in Algeria were also catching the eye
of other nations, the USA wa...

... middle of paper ...

...vitable, there was no way to reverse
the process. FLN support was diminishing as people saw that the French
were slowly giving in, and terror tactics were no longer necessary.

The Evian agreement was made on the 20th May 1961after many
negotiations, De Gaulle had stalled the process by trying to keep
possession of the Sahara, however after reaching a stalemate he gave
in to the FLN, abandoning French demand.

On March the 18th 1962 the Algerians had finally gained their
independence. General de Gaulle had acted as a catalyst in the
process. It is almost definite that without the stalemate of 1958
between the Army and the FLN, he would not have been involved in the
crisis. However as things turned out he was the main factor in the
granting of independence, he handed the Algerians their freedom after
a long fight.

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