The Nile River Essay

The Nile River Essay

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The Nile River
The Nile is 6,690 km long, extending through 35 degrees of latitude as
it flows from south to north. Its basin covers approximately one-tenth
of the African continent, with a catchment area of 3,007,000 km²,
which is shared by eight countries: Egypt, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda,
Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda, and Zaire. Its main sources are found in
Ethiopia and the countries around Lake Victoria.

All along the Nile's course from its most remote source, the Cagier
Riverin Central Africa, to the Mediterranean, people are affected to
some extent by the river or its water. With a few exceptions, the
water resources in the headwater areas of the system are not yet much
developed. The main development has taken place in the countries
situated in the semi-arid and arid zones such as Sudan and Egypt. The
upstream countries, however, are now considering Nile resource
development projects in their territories.

The hydrological characteristics vary greatly over the basin. Rainfall
in the headwater areas is abundant though seasonal. On the other hand,
from about Sudan the river runs through waterless land.

The river system has two main sources of water: the Ethiopian
highlands and the equatorial region around Lake Victoria. More than
60% of the river flow arriving in Egypt originates in the Ethiopian
highlands by way of the 'Sobat', Blue Nile, and 'Atbara' Rivers, with
the bulk of this water coming down during the summer. The rest of the
flow arrives from the White Nile, which has its most remote source in
Burundi. This source is a tributary, which enters Lake Victoria near
the ...


... middle of paper ...


...there is still the matter of
getting things back to normal, such as replacing fish electricity from
the Aswan Dam would have to be halted meaning electricity would have
to come in from elsewhere, probably at a great expense. These
developments should solve a great number of problems; the snails could
be cleared so the area would have less disease, and the silt that has
built up can be used. To stop these silt and snail problems from
arising again a large removable mesh could be installed in front of
the dam that can be raised out of the water with the silt and snails
stuck to it:

[IMAGE]




Although this may, or may not overcome some major problems it is clear
more if its own would arise, like the strength needed in the mesh, and
above all the cost, it is unlikely the Soviet Union will fund this
project.

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