Joseph Stalin was born to a poor family in the province of Georgia in
1879. Stalin's real surname was Djugasvili; he adopted the name
'Stalin' whilst in prison as he felt the translation 'Man of Steel'
would help his image. Stalin joined the Bolshevik party as a young man
and soon became an active member organizing bank raids to gain money
for party funds; this led to Stalin's imprisonment a number of times.
Stalin first met Lenin in December 1905 in Finland and was quite
surprised to see him as an ordinary man unlike the person he had
imagined. In 1918 Stalin was made Commissar for Nationalities of the
Bolshevik party, then in 1922 he became General Secretary. This made
Stalin very powerful, particularly when soon after his appointment
Lenin was hospitalised to have 'Dora Kaplan's bullet' removed. The
operation was unsuccessful and left Lenin paralysed down his right
side. Joseph Stalin then became Lenin's mouthpiece. The initial
effects of this was the rise of Stalin to become the leader of the
Communist party in Russia, this then resulted in Stalin going down in
History as a brutal dictator and mass murderer.
In 1924 Lenin died and most people presumed Trotsky who had formed the
Red Army and who had been Lenin's right hand man would become Lenin's
successor. If Stalin had not been around Trotsky probably would have
become the leader of the Communist party. Stalin was seen as dull by
the intellectual elite of the Communist party and probably not very
intelligent or well educated, however, they all made a fatal mistake
in assuming that he was stupid. Stalin outmanoeuvred Trot...
... middle of paper ...
... modernised Russia. The workers who did
not offend the state were better off than under the reign of the tsar.
Russia's military forces were benefiting from her industrial growth
and whilst Stalin retained power there was a stable government. People
gained better access to education and medical care. However millions
had died in the famine after the failed experiment of
Collectivisation. Stalin did make Russia into a great power but there
was an enormous price to pay for it. Millions of people were starved
or murdered under Stalin's brutal rule. Stalin led Russia with an iron
fist. The long-term effects of this were the only reason people
idolised Stalin was because they were too frightened to do anything
else and Stalin's influence lived on through Krushtov and Brezhnev,
they too would not allow any senior opposition.
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