The Failure of the Spanish Armada Essay

The Failure of the Spanish Armada Essay

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The Failure of the Spanish Armada

The Armada could have succeeded the plan was simple and could have
been effective. The Spanish had the strongest army in Europe and the
English defences were not exactly good. The plan was very simple, but
could have been deadly if it had worked. The main reasons for it not
working out were the communication problems. The messenger ships
travelled the same speed, as the Armada so they were nearly useless
and the communication between Parma's army and the Armada were not
good. On top of all of this the Armada had received message that
Parma's army was not ready when they were at Calais, which caused a
big problem for the Spanish.

Communication was not the only problem the planning was put together
so quickly, King Philip hadn't thought of the area at all. The coast
where Parma's army were waiting the coast was very shallow and not a
very steep gradient at all. The sand was less than 20 metres deep for
up to a mile out to sea and the Armada's ships needed at least 20
metres. This meant that the ships couldn't pick up the army. That
problem was soon solved when the army managed to get lightweight
barges to transport the army across. A new problem arose, how they got
across to the Armada without the Dutch fleet seeing them and attacking
them. If they were spotted the Dutch could kill them all and the
Armada couldn't do anything about it because of the shallow water.

The main commander for the Armada died in February 1588 so the King
had to pick a new leader. He chose the Duke of Medina Sidonia. He was
chosen because he was the greatest noble in Spain at that time. He had
no experience and not much...


... middle of paper ...


... if they had known that they probably
would have gone back through the channel and all of them (probably)
would have got back safely. You could say that the English was very
lucky.

The defeat of the Armada may not have been due to the superiority of
the English. Examination of cannonballs found on the bottom of the
North Sea has shown that Spanish cannonballs were not all the same
size. Different sizes of gun required different sizes of cannonballs.
It has been suggested that the Spanish ships were not equipped with
the right cannonballs for the guns on board their ships and were
therefore unable to fire on the English ships that attacked them. They
therefore chose to retreat, possibly to the Netherlands. The high
winds prevented them from reaching port and dashed the ships against
the rocks of northern Scotland.

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