The Nature and Functions of Political Parties and Voting Behaviour in Britain

The Nature and Functions of Political Parties and Voting Behaviour in Britain

Length: 940 words (2.7 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The Nature and Functions of Political Parties and Voting Behaviour in Britain

The two major parties in the British political system, the Labour
party and the Conservative party, often mention the same issues of
importance but have different policies on how these issues should be
handled. Both parties state in their manifestoes that Education is an
important issue - Labour sighting it a major priority, aiming to cut
class sizes for 5-7 year olds to under 30 and to modernise
comprehensive schools and provide funding for the implication of new
technologies. The Conservative's aims for the improvement of education
is to implement more regular testing in schools and for a more
rigorous system of appraising teachers abilities. The National Health
Service is also a priority for both parties, each wishing to increase
spending, Labour intending to do so more and more each year. Labour
also plans to cut the time on waiting lists for major surgeries and
introduce a food standards agency in HNS hospitals, whereas the
Conservative major policy is to increase the number of doctors and
nurses. Another important issue for both policies is that of the Euro
and the proposed single European Currency. Labour are (despite
in-party conflicts) in favour of Britain adopting the Euro, but it is
their policy to hold a Nation referendum on the matter when they
believe 'five key economic tests' have been passed. Conservatives, on
the other hand, are (in the main), against the UK joining the single
European currency, Conservatives being more traditionally
'Euro-sceptics', and their current policy is to keep the pound.

Question 2: Explain the functions of poli...

... middle of paper ...

...for labour. Also, as the Prime Ministers role becomes
more 'presidential' in style, the actions of the Prime Minister
himself can shape voting - being seen in 'the right place' or doing
'the right thing' can be enough to win extra votes. Similarly, the
success of the existing Prime Minister/government can be enough to win
more supporters. If it seems that policy promises have been kept, and
that the country is in a period of prosperity and has benefited from
the leading parties rule, those who may not have voted for them before
will be persuaded to change allegiance in light of their success. With
this in mind, it is also the case that if a government have been seen
to handle a main issue well (war, for example) this can result in a
similarly persuasive effect, encouraging voters to 'stick with' the
ruling party.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Polital Parties in Britain's Government Essay

- Politics is today commonly associated with ‘party politics’ where each party represents a certain group of people in Parliament and considers issues through a specific lens. Britain has three main political parties; first, the Conservative Party on the right, which advocates the encouragement of private property, the preservation of a strong military, and the conservation of traditional cultural values. Second, the Labour Party on the left which is closely affiliated to trade unions, promotes nationalization, a welfare state and a Keynesian approach to economics; and the third, Liberal Democrats at the centre who put an emphasis on individual liberty, equality, a mixed economy, a developed...   [tags: labour, conservative, liberal democtrats]

Better Essays
1801 words (5.1 pages)

Why are Political Parties in Decline? Essay

- To characterise the notion of political parties, Rod Hague and Martin Harrop choose to use the definition submitted by Giovanni Sartori, which says that a political party concerns ‘any political group identified by an official label that presents elections, and is capable of placing through elections candidates for public office’ (1976, p. 63, cited in Hague and Harrop, 2010, p. 203). Andrew Heywood defines it as ‘groups of people organised to gain formal representation or win government power’, ‘united by shared political preferences and a general ideological identity’, which function is to ‘filling the political office and the wielding of government power’ (2007, pp....   [tags: elections, democratic-republican parties]

Better Essays
1884 words (5.4 pages)

The Relationship Between Political Parties and Governments Essay

- Political systems are very complex to comprehend if one doesn’t know the role of most agencies, branches, and parties. Government functions are not as independent in ruling as one might think; for they are composed of multiple branches and most branches consist of politicians coming from multiple parties. Political Parties are accordingly the essence of politics, they define a country’s political system; one party, bi-partisan, or multiparty system. The inter-relation between parties and governments is an important phenomenon in political science, because parties are basically the connecting link between the people and their governments....   [tags: Role of Political Parties]

Better Essays
2719 words (7.8 pages)

Most Important Changes Ushered in by The Industrial Revolution in Britain

- Most Important Changes Ushered in by The Industrial Revolution in Britain The industrial revolution saw many changes to Britain from work to transport. A very important change was the development of the railway system. The railway system changed the face of Britain forever. The development of the railways meant that Britain could become a superpower. The railways changed Britain in many ways from social to economic. An economic change that occurred during the creation of railways was a new level of trade....   [tags: History, Britain, Industrial Revolution]

Better Essays
845 words (2.4 pages)

The Growth of Democracy in Britain after 1860 Essay

- For the to have been a growth in democracy in Britain after 1860 due to social and economic change several factors would have had to of been involved, such as changing attitudes towards the working class, industrial revolution, the effects of WW1 and the effects if the media, press and writers. Political changes could also have played a part in the growth of democracy due to different political advantages and the changing political ideas. By 1869, changes in social classes were becoming more obvious....   [tags: Democracy, Britain, history,]

Better Essays
879 words (2.5 pages)

Diverse Family Structures and Functions in Britain Essay

- Diverse Family Structures and Functions When British people today think of a family they think of a father, a mother and two children. This is the stereotype of the family, which is called Nuclear Family. In fact, there are many other family structures such as, Extended Family, Linear Family, Single-parent Family, etc. This essay will look at a range of diverse family structures and functions in Britain today, especially the four kind of family structure: Nuclear, Extended, Single-parent and Homosexual Families....   [tags: Papers]

Better Essays
748 words (2.1 pages)

Essay on Family Functions and Structures in Britain Today

- Family Functions and Structures in Britain Today What is a family. A family is a group of people who are related by kinship ties: relations of blood, marriage or adoption. The family unit is one of the most important social institutions, which is found in some form in nearly all known societies. It is basic unit of social organisation and plays a key role in socialising children into the culture of their society. HobartC 1999 'the group of people, generally related but may include friends, who are significant and important to a child'....   [tags: British, research papers]

Better Essays
649 words (1.9 pages)

Essay about Functions and Diversity of Family Structure in the UK

- Functions and Diversity of Family Structure There are various debates and views on the term ‘family’ in today’s society. Although we can say that a family consists of a unit of people that are related, either legally through marriage or biologically. In both premodern and modern societies families have been seen as the most basic unit of a social organisation that carries out vital tasks, such as socialising children. Whereas a ‘household’ consists of a group of people who cohabit at the same address....   [tags: British Family, Britain, functionalist]

Better Essays
1278 words (3.7 pages)

Evaluate the claim that modern political parties are failing to perform their traditional functions

- To answer this question, we most identify the key roles of a political party in the political system. Political Parties must identify their leaders who in turn, become the offered leaders to take control of the country. Skills of persuasion, organisation of support, public speaking, committee work, and public campaigning are all essential qualities for leaders of political parties. Currently, the leaders of the Labour Party, Conservative’s and Liberal Democrats represent a range of viewpoints, giving the UK voter a choice, depending upon their opinions....   [tags: essays research papers]

Free Essays
348 words (1 pages)

Functions Of Management In A Domestic Environment Essay

- Functions of Management in a Domestic Environment The four functions of management are planning, organizing, leading and controlling. While these functions are applied to the business world, they are also applied to everyday family and household matters. The accepted labels attached to these kinds of managers are Domestic Engineers. These managers never leave their humble abodes to work for someone else's company, but hold just as important and responsible positions within their own company....   [tags: Management Functions Leadership Organization]

Free Essays
1043 words (3 pages)