The War Between Nazism and Bolshevism Essay

The War Between Nazism and Bolshevism Essay

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The War Between Nazism and Bolshevism

Introduction:

From his entry into politics Hitler was committed to a war in the
East. He subscribed to the pan-German philosophy and was a staunch
believer in the idea of eastern expansion emulating the great German
Reich of the Wilhelmine era[1]. Hitler's personal preoccupation with
Lebensraum echoes back to the pre-war thinking of the anti-Semitic
right wings, and the general need for expansion felt after the vast
confiscations of the Treaty of Versailles. As early as 1924/5, when he
was serving a prison sentence at Landsberg Am Lech, Hitler was
thinking of the time when the NSDAP would carry Germany to victory in
the east. However as Hitler said himself at the time "the result would
be inevitable defeat"; but this was taking into account the shrunken
economy and military of the unstable Weimar government.

Thereafter Hitler's discussions on the matter of realising ideology,
in Mein Kampf and when in power, came down to the necessity of an
invasion of Russia; "Destiny itself seems to wish to point the way for
us here"[2] he wrote in 1925 at Landsberg.

Thus it seems that ideologically Hitler was confirmed in the fact that
war with Russia was unavoidable, and indeed he did not wish to avoid
it. Yet the Führer also knew of the benefits to Germany, materially
and politically, these were probably the most important reasons for an
attack on Russia but by no means the only ones.

The German war effort would require huge amounts of raw materials and
food, Russia could provide this; since the British and French appeased
his policy of annexation and absorption in the east Hitler was
encour...


... middle of paper ...


...Kershaw I Hitler - 1936-1945 Nemesis (Penguin, London, 2001) p.205

[9] Geary R Hitler and Nazism (Routledge, London, 1997) p.6

[10] Ibid. p.65

[11] Hitler A (Trans. Manheim R) Mein Kampf (Second Book) (Hutchinson
& Co, London, 1974) p.604

[12] Geary R Hitler and Nazism (Routledge, London, 1997) p.67/68

[13] Noakes J & Pridham G (Ed.) Nazism 1919-45 Vol.3 (University of
Exeter Press, Exeter, 1997) pp. 680-688 (Esp. p.686 where the text
shows Hitler as having dismissed Russia claiming that they would be
distracted from German interests by the Japanese)

[14] Kershaw I Hitler - 1936-1945 Nemesis (Penguin, London, 2001)
p.387-8

[15] Overy R War and Economy in the Third Reich (Oxford University
Press, Oxford, 1994) p.188

[16] Kershaw I Hitler - 1936-1945 Nemesis (Penguin, London, 2001)
p.343



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