Theatrical commentators generally hold that this play not only has high artistic value, but also has profound social significance. The American Great Depression in 1930s is the background of this play; the story is about a common salesman who committed suicide because his ideal was shattered. Willy Loman is a road salesman who traveled in various states, selling the merchandise for his company. When he is at old age, the boss takes his salary away, let him work on commission like new comers. And fires him at last. On his family life, Willy Loman is a family man, father of two sons. His two sons are encouraged by him to seek success in the society. Unfortunately, they have not enough capability to become `a number one man,' they only build castle in the air, never get their success. Willy places hope on his elder son Biff all the way, he believes that if Biff had money, he would have get success. Finally, he committed suicide by making a car accident, in order to provide his twenty thousand dollar life insurance for Biff to start his big business.
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...n culture, commercial society. His loneliness, hopelessness and unmoral view represent the social evils. His tragic fate makes people feel fear no matter what economic circumstances they are in. Really, some people seem believe they had have good old days, their perfect self, their own success. But society and circumstances have changed with the time, now it is different from the past. People lost their previous paradise, and thus lost the opportunities to have a happy life. This is the social concept of failure. As regard as Willy, from the play beginning, he has reached his failure: too old to travel, can drive his car safely... all this dooms his failure. In this world, everyone should obey the law of success, "which says that a failure in society and in business has no right to live."(Miller 1957) Actually, the play death of a salesman is a requiem of failure.
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