Preparing for a Biological Terror Attack Essay

Preparing for a Biological Terror Attack Essay

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What is Anthrax and how is it transmitted? Anthrax is an acute infectious disease caused by the spore-forming "bacterium bacillus." Anthrax most commonly occurs in wild and domestic vertebrates (cattle, sheep, goats, camels, antelopes, and other herbivores), but can also occur in humans when they are exposed to infected animals or when spores are used as a bioterrorist weapon. There are three forms of Anthrax. One form of Anthrax is gastrointestinal anthrax, which usually occurs after the consumption of contaminated meat that has been infected with the anthrax bacterium. Another form of anthrax is cutaneous anthrax. This type of anthrax occurs when the bacterium enters a cut or abrasion on the skin. The third form of anthrax, known to be the most fatal one of all, is inhalation anthrax, which occurs when the bacterium is inhaled. In an article in McWhorter, the author states, "Inhaled anthrax can be deadly even with treatment. When a person inhales anthrax spores, the bacteria tend to spread quickly. When infection from inhaled anthrax happens, it is almost always fatal." All three forms of anthrax will result in death if not treated promptly. How would someone know if he or she has been infected with anthrax? Symptoms of anthrax usually occur one to six days after exposure and varying on how the disease was contracted. When anthrax occurs in humans, its initial symptoms are usually flu-like symptoms, which include fevers, coughs, and chest pains.

Now that this deadly disease, called anthrax, is defined, what should the government do to help prevent this disease and how should the government provide safety to all Philadelphians? To help answer this question, President Bush decided to appoint Dr. Austin, a special...


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...latory assistance to prevent any severe symptoms to occur. People that are found infected with anthrax should be sent to the nearest hospital's emergency department. To encourage mental ease, Dr. Austin should provide the people with psychological treatment. This mental ease should be dealt with using calm words, stressing out loud that everyone is going to be safe. Encouraging mental and physical ease will prevent any panic attack to occur.

There are so many important decisions to make when dealing with a biological disaster, such as Anthrax. Therefore, the government should come up with a preparedness program to prevent the disease and the spread of the disease if it were to become an epidemic in Philadelphia. If the government were to come up with preparedness program, all people of Philadelphia would be prepared for this biological and fatal disaster.

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