Oedipus is endowed mostly all tragic characteristics that qualify him for a model tragic hero. He is the son of the queen Iokaste and King Laios, whi...
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...milarly, if we take Oedipus' downfall as fated, the tragic value of the play will be enriched since the Catharsis will be intensified. Catharsis means the evocation of two elements in the spectators: pity and fear. A natural audience has more pity for a man whose tragic end is to a great extent fateful rather than for a man whose bad deeds bring about his downfall. Intensifying pity means a Catharsis with a stronger effect and naturally a bonus for the success of the play since achieving Catharsis is a major purpose of any tragedy.
Finally, Oedipus Rex sets out the foundation of the theory of tragedy. However, whether or not some readers and critics well identify with Oedipus as a tragic hero will not change this fact. Oedipus Rex as a model tragedy that outlives Sophocles will continue to be the typical example to be referred to whenever tragedy is discussed.
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