Clytemnestra is the only female character in the Oresteia who conveys qualities associated with both women and men. That there is something androgynous about Clytaemnestra is suggested by the first reference to her in Agamemnon. The Watchman explains that he waits on the roof at the `command' of `that woman - she manoeuvres like a man' (Ag. 13). (The etymology of the verb command is significant because kratei in the original Greek suggests male command.) Thus, thirteen lines into the first play, Aeschylus already begins to portray Clytaemnestra with her `masculine' desire for political power. Later, the Chorus appease Clytaemnestra by telling her, `We've come, Clytaemnestra. We respect your power (kra...
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...es about Clytaemnestra is that she managed to wield this impressive manly lordship in all three of the plays - during Agamemnon's lifetime, after his murder, and even in her own death.
Aeschylus. The Oresteia. Trans. Robert Fagles. New York: Penguin, 1977.
Anderson, Florence Mary Bennett. "The Character of Clytemnestra in the Choephoroe and the
Eumenides of Aeschylus." The American Journal of Philology 53.4 (1932), 301-319.
Cornford, Francis Macdonald. Thucydides Mythistoricus. London: Edward Arnold, 1907.
Fraenkel, Eduard. Agamemnon. Oxford: Clarendon, 1950.
Garvie, A. F. Aeschylus: Choephori. Oxford: Clarendon, 1986.
Konishi, Haruo. The Plot of Aeschylus' Oresteia. Amsterdam: Adolf Hakkert Publisher, 1990.
Winngton-Ingram, Robert P. "Clytemnestra and the Vote of Athena." The Journal of Hellenic
Studies 68 (1948): 130-147.
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