Essay about Two Types of Criminal Deterrence

Essay about Two Types of Criminal Deterrence

Length: 868 words (2.5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

There are two different types if deterrence, the first is classified as specific deterrence. The goal of this category of deterrence is to lessen the probability of having a repeat offender. The three strikes law is an example of one of the methods that is used to assist this category of deterrence. The other category of deterrence is general deterrence. This category focuses more on future offenders. General deterrence attempts to positively influence would be offenders and stop the crimes before they happen. (Schmalleger, 2003, p. 406)

A stricter sentence for lesser crimes is an example of specific deterrence. The example used on pages 406 and 407 in Criminal Justice Today. Schmalleger writes, "Few traffic tickets would have to be written if minor driving offenses were punishable by death." As a free society there are obvious limitations on the use of capital punishment that the law must still protect. However capital punishment in itself is a deterrent. If the death penalty were the mandatory sentencing for any murder, the murder rates in our society would surely lessen.

Deterrence is a very effective method in achieving the goals of criminal sentencing. If society knows its punishment for a crime, this may be the entire deterrent necessary to prevent a crime from happening. However, if the crime is still committed then society must do what is required to deter the next possible criminal from performing the criminal act. This could be a vital step in the ongoing battle between the good guys and the bad guys.

The term retribution can be used in several senses. It can indicate vengeance or expiration, however, it is today more commonly associated with giving the offender his just deserts and using punishment as a c...


... middle of paper ...


...p time to work in the community that has been violated. Judges in many States have been given the power to force criminals to pay restitution to their victims, instead of forcing victims to seek reparations in Civil Court. It appears that the modern court system has realized that each criminal must be viewed as an individual and not a group. Rehabilitation may work on one person, but be totally ineffective on another. Sad to say, there is probably a small group of criminals out here that incarceration is the only solution.

In the prison system the ultimate goal is restoration through rehabilitation. Yet, when needed, criminals can be subjected to deterrence techniques or incapacitation.

No one system will work for all prisoners. All of the systems have been used through the years and the lesson learned is that prisoners must be handled on a case to case basis.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Deterrence Theorists and Capital Punishment Essay

- Deterrence theorists view murder as rational behavior, and assume that in calculating the gains and losses from killing, potential offenders are aware of the death penalty and regard it as a more severe sanction than imprisonment. Because the threat of one's own death presumably outweighs the rewards gained from killing another, murder is not an option for most people and always discouraged. In addition, some noted proponents assert that capital punishment provides an important educative function in society by validating the sanctity of human life (Berns, 1979; van den Haag, 1975; van den Haag & Conrad, 1983)....   [tags: Death, Murder, Justice]

Better Essays
909 words (2.6 pages)

Essay about Different Types Of Criminal Justice

- There are many types of criminal justice used in the world. Each and every country uses different ones to maintain civilization while striving to create peace and balance within their society. The justice system is also used to create a social code of conduct in society and jurisdiction. Every country’s justice system attempts to achieve well-preserved system through punishment and deterrence by creating a notion that forces individuals to abide the law of their country. Nations used several distinctive methods of punishments to individuals that go against the social norms....   [tags: Common law, Law, Prison, Criminal justice]

Better Essays
737 words (2.1 pages)

Essay Discuss The Theories Of Deterrence And Labeling

- Question #2 There are several aspects within deterrence that are important to understand when discussing the theories of deterrence and labeling. According to the deterrence theory, there are two different classifications of deterrence—specific and general. First, specific deterrence is defined as apprehending an offender and punishing him or her which will refrain them from repeating crimes if they are caught and punished by the criminal justice system (Akers and Sellers, 16). Secondly, general deterrence is defined as the states way of punishing society for a crime that they have not committed, while using a certain group of people who have committed that crime....   [tags: Crime, Criminology, Sociology, Criminal law]

Better Essays
1630 words (4.7 pages)

Essay Effectiveness Of The Deterrence Doctrine

- There is an ongoing debate on the effectiveness of the deterrence doctrine. The deterrence doctrine is dated back to its origins in the 18th century, known to be the Age of Enlightenment. During the 1700s to 1800s, the Classical School of Criminology became the focal point as it commenced to force attention on the “cruel” justice system. The two most influential scholars who have elaborated along the idea of deterrence are Cesare Beccaria and Jeremy Bentham. Beccaria, known as the father of classical criminology, believed that people are “being motivated by the pursuit of pleasure and trying to avoid being in pain” (Owen et al., 2012, p....   [tags: Criminology, Crime, Criminal law, Sentence]

Better Essays
1607 words (4.6 pages)

Crime Deterrence : Methods And Potential Problems Essay

- Crime Deterrence: Methods and Potential Problems Crime deterrence is the decline of crime, because people fear getting arrested and convicted. According to Probation and Parole: Theory and Practice by Howard Abadinsky “the classical school argues that because humans tend toward hedonism- that is, they seek pleasure and avoid pain- they must be restrained, by fear of punishment, from pleasurable acts that are unlawful.” People make a rational decision not to commit a crime because of the fear of arrest and conviction are taken into consideration....   [tags: Crime, Criminal justice, Sentence, Criminal law]

Better Essays
1615 words (4.6 pages)

The Correctional Theory Of My Choice Is Deterrence Essay

- The correctional theory of my choice is deterrence. The reason I believe this theory to be the most accurate is because it works on the justice aspect of the crime, but also plans on deterring crime. Out of all the theories I have learned about in class, deterrence is one of the only ones that pays attention two both of these perspectives. There is two different forms of deterrence. The first one is called general deterrence which has the goal of scaring society into not committing crime. This is the part of the theory that helps deter crime....   [tags: Crime, Criminology, Criminal law, Sentence]

Better Essays
1846 words (5.3 pages)

Essay on Deterrence Theory of Crime

- Deterrence theory of crime is a method in which punishment is used to dissuade people from committing crimes. There are two types of deterrence: general and specific. General deterrence is punishment to an individual to stop the society as a whole from committing crimes. In other word, it is using the punishment as an example to “scare” society from precipitating in criminal acts. Under general deterrence, publicity is a major part of deterrence. Crime and their punishments being showing in the media or being told person to person can be used to deter crime....   [tags: Legal Issues, Crimes]

Better Essays
1035 words (3 pages)

Essay on The Crime And Punishment On Criminal Activity

- Many civilizations have come and gone throughout the history of humankind. While they each had their own unique qualities, they have all shared the need for rules and laws to govern the society. People generally follow the law of the land, but there are always those who will violate the law. To address these law breakers, also known as criminals, society has created varying levels of punishment in an effort to decrease the number of criminal incidents. As stated in the Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment, “Deterrence is the straightforward, common-sense notion that if you do something wrong, you will be punished, and the punishment itself will prevent you from doing that wrong thing again”...   [tags: Capital punishment, Crime, Criminal law]

Better Essays
1526 words (4.4 pages)

Deterrence, Rational and Restorative Justice Theories Essay

- This paper will illustrate three theories; deterrence theory, rational choice theory, and restorative justice theory. It will outline in detail the policies, and the connections between theory, research, and policy. Deterrence theory can be outlined as “principles of certainty, severity, and celerity of punishment, proportionality, specific and general deterrence” (Burke, 2009). In order for the punishment to be effective it has to be certain, swift, severe. Certainty is more important than the severity in deterring crime....   [tags: Legal Issues, Crime, Punishment]

Better Essays
1896 words (5.4 pages)

The Crime Of The Criminal Justice System Essay

- Today in our society, the criminal justice system appears throughout mass media. Everyone can see crime by looking in magazines, newspapers, books, and watching television shows. The media in the past years has crossed a fine line between crime information and entertainment. This can be seen by shows like the People’s Court or Judge Judy. The amounts of criminal images that people come in contact with on a daily basis suggest or influence fear to people. From the late 1970’s where westerns were traded in for crime shows like Perry Mason and even today shows like COPS or Gangland....   [tags: Crime, Criminology, Penology, Criminal law]

Better Essays
1169 words (3.3 pages)