The Brazilian Rainforest is one of the most unique, vast, and diverse regions of the world. To get a general idea of the diversity of the Rainforest, it makes up a total of one-third of the world forests (more than four million square kilometers), it contains half of the total number of named species in the world (eighty-thousand plant species, 1,500 fish species, and one-forth of the 8,600 bird species), and is the world largest holder of genes (Library 138-139). To say the least, the Brazilian Rainforest is one of the most important natural resources we, as humans, know. It would seem that this knowledge, alone, would also make the Brazilian Rainforest one of the most protected land areas on Earth as well. However, the situation is quite the opposite. The Brazilian Rainforest has been greatly degraded by deforestation since the 1960 , which has led to numerous negative effects both environmentally and socially. This paper introduces the events that opened the door to deforestation, the most immediate causes and effects of deforestation in the Brazilian Rainforest, and my two-part solution to the problem of deforestation.
Following a brief introduction of the history of the development of Brazil, I have broken the paper into five sections; each section is dedicated to one of the five main contributing factors of deforestation. The five main contributors are cattle ranching, farming, logging, infrastructure development, and weaknesses in the government. In each section I will discuss how each factor effects the environment and Brazil at large.
Brazil's rainforest became more heavily populated and invaded by migrants when the Brazilian government ncouraged settlement and development" (Crittenden 3) to bri...
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Anonymous. "The Two Faces of the Brazilian Policy on Forests." Online posting. 20 Dec. 2000 ; http://www.org.uy/english/bulletin/bull17.htm;
Binswanger, Hans P. "Brazilian Policies that Encourage Deforestation of the Amazon." World Development. 19.7 (1991): 821-829
Cockburn, Alexander and Susanna Hecht. The Fate of the Forest: Developers, Destroyers, and Defenders of the Amazon. New York: Harper Collins Publishers, 1990.
Crittenden, Elisabeth A. "Amazon Deforestation and Brazilian Land Problems." Online posting. Amazon Deforestation, Land Violence. 18 Dec. 2000
Reid, Michael. "Still Chopping." The Economist. 355.8 (2000): 36
Time Life Books Inc. Library of Nations: Brazil. United States and Canada: Time Life Books, 1986.
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