Genetic engineering is currently the fastest growing and perhaps most controversial field of science. Genetic engineering is decoding and manipulating DNA to use for scientific and medical purposes. "The discovery that human cells can be grown in a petri dish has opened up breathtaking possibilities for curing disease - and a morass of ethical complications" (Allen 9).
Genetic engineering has already started to be most helpful in the field of medicine. The map of the human genome offers many cures and potentially successful medical procedures. By creating artificial chromosomes, scientists may be able to replace diseased inherited traits with functional ones. Determining the genetic make up of viruses such as the HIV virus that causes AIDS, may provide a way to combat it. Scientists can find ways to fight Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, and leukemia, among others. By cultivating cells, scientists can grow human organs and tissue for people who are in need, such as diabetics requiring a pancreas to produce insulin.
With genetic engineering, scientists can breed animals and create vast fields of rice. With similar techniques, scientists can, and will eventually, clone a human being. This idea frightens most people. The problem is: where is the line between what is beneficial to humans and what could potentially be harmful?
Although genetic engineering is currently expanding rapidly, this area of study has been around for a very long time. Humans, by instinct, are always striving to better themselves and to greater develop both computer and bio- technology. Even though scientists do not know how to program DNA yet, society has already seen glimpses of the results of modifying evolution and natural human development. ...
... middle of paper ...
...able and practical course of action.
Allen, Arthur. "Brave New Frontier: Medical Research and the Debate Over What Is Life." The Washington Post Magazine 15 Oct. 2000: 8-13, 27-32.
Caplan, Arthur L. "What is immoral about eugenics?" November 1999. http://bmj.com/cgi/content/full/319/7220/1284
Huxley, Aldous. Brave New World. New York: HarperCollins Publishers, 1998.
Proctor, Robert. "Nazi Medicine and Public Health Policy," Dimensions. Vol. 10, no. 2 (1996).
Public Lectures - Life in the Universe. Stephen Hawking.
Weiss, Rick. "Test-Tube Baby Born to Save Ill Sister." Washington Post 3 Oct. 2000, final ed.: A1+.
Will There Ever Be Another You? Spec. issue of Time Magazine (10 Mar. 2000): 60-76.
Wunder, Michael. The Grafeneck Declaration on Bioethics. June 1996. http://www.home.bn-ulm.de/~fuente/bioethik/grafecke.htm
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Dan W. Brock ambitiously sets out to see if there are conditions under the idea if genetically engineering humans offspring is morally permissible and if there are any moral limitations that constrain the use of genetic engineering. In “Genetic Engineering”, he defines the obvious complications first and foremost on this topic. He states that since this is a new medical experiment, there is still an enormous amount of work that lies ahead to understand the specific genes that not only contribute to human disease and disability, but also the multitude of complex physical, cognitive, emotional, and behavioral traits of a normal, functioning human being.... [tags: DNA, Gene, Genetics, Human]
2155 words (6.2 pages)
- 1. Michael Bess in the excerpt from Our Grandchildren Redesigned asserts his idea that through innovations like genetic engineering, new medicines and bioelectronics people will improve their control over emotions, live longer healthier lives, and they will raise our abilities in both thought and action. This brings increased benefits such as blind people being able to see again with genetic altering or hearing aid transplants that allow deaf people to hear for the first time. It can also allow for humans have a higher learning capabilities through medicines that increase focus or by the use of technological implants.... [tags: Poverty, Disease, Genetics, Genetic disorder]
1160 words (3.3 pages)
- Technology and science have always worked in tandem towards mankind’s intellectual pursuit of the natural world, in particular being the research of the composition and anomalies of the genetics of all living things through genetic engineering, particularly human beings, whose intricate complexities both intrigue and frighten humanity itself with new discoveries constantly. As a consequence of the nature of researching upon the biological infrastructure of living things, genetic engineering has gathered quite a strong opposing unit of common people and scientists alike, all concerned with the ethical complications of tampering with the nature of DNA to satisfy both human curiosity and advanc... [tags: stem cells, cloning, modification]
770 words (2.2 pages)
- Should parents be allowed to use genetic technologies to choose some of their children’s characteristics. What limits should aply to their selection. If genetic technologies were available to the general public, would you do it. Would you accept the option of altering the DNA of your unborn child to fit your every whim and desire. Would you only change certain characteristics, or completely 'design' a new born being. Would you really consider that morally ethical or plausible. In this essay I will explore the idea of whether or not parents should be allowed to use genetic technologies to choose some of their children's characteristics and if yes, what limits should apply to their selection.... [tags: organism, genetic makeup]
1732 words (4.9 pages)
- Position Paper: Gene Therapy in Humans Advancements in science and medicine are usually accompanied with a myriad of ethical and moral implications. The fairly recent advancement in genetics called gene therapy is no exception to the baggage of polarizing views that come with new technology. Gene therapy is an extremely hot topic in both the science world and everyday life. New technology, discoveries, and breakthroughs are rapidly occurring in the field every day. The topic of gene therapy in humans is one that is highly debated due to the ethical implications connected to the science.... [tags: genetic engineering ethics and morality]
1397 words (4 pages)
- Genetic Engineering is highly controversial since some people believe that genetic engineering is playing God. As this fact there is opposition to the progression of the field by people who do not see the value in genetic engineering, or they fear what genetic engineering may lead to for us as people. There is a history of discover that belongs to genetic engineering, which has led to numerous products that have emerged which have brought numerous applications to the society of the world. Though there are benefits to genetic engineering, there are also drawbacks to genetic engineering including ethical and legal issues that are dealt with in today’s society in order to try and regulate the... [tags: Genetic Engineering]
2049 words (5.9 pages)
- Global warming, nuclear winter, microscopic black holes—society views all these as apocalyptic phenomena resulting from the accelerating rate of discovery in the fields of science and technology. Opinions on fields like climate change and atomic weaponry certainly have a basis in scientific evidence, but many other apocalyptic reactions derive from hypothetical situations and thought experiments. To further examine public opinions on scientific fields, we can examine genetic engineering (GE). The possibilities of GE have prompted many ethicists to provide commentary on the topic, opening a dialogue between policy and experimentation in order to address topics such as genetically modified cro... [tags: Genetic Engineering]
2203 words (6.3 pages)
- For many years, genetic engineering has been a topic in heated debates. Scientists propose that genetic engineering far outweighs its risks in benefits and should be further studied. Politicians argue that genetic engineering is largely unethical, harmful, and needs to have strong limitations. Although genetic engineering may reap benefits to modern civilization, it raises questions of human ethics, morality, and the limitations we need to set to protect humanity. Though there is harsh criticism from politicians, scientists continue to press forward saying that genetic engineering is of utmost importance to help and improve society.... [tags: Genetic Engineering is Immoral ]
1490 words (4.3 pages)
- Just imagine the scene: and newlywed wife and husband are sitting down with a catalog, browsing joyously, pointing and awing at all the different options, fantasizing about all the possibilities that could become of their future. Is this a catalog for new furniture. No. This catalog for all features, phenotype and genotype, for the child they are planning to have. It is basically a database for parents to pick and choose all aspects of their children, from the sex of the child, to looks, and even to personality traits.... [tags: Genetic Engineering]
1131 words (3.2 pages)
- At the Roslin Institute in Edinburgh, Scotland, Dr. Keith Campbell, director of embryology at PPL therapeutics in Roslin, and his colleague Dr. Ian Wilmut worked together on a project to clone a sheep, Dolly, from adult cells. On February 22, 1997, they finally succeeded. Dolly was the only lamb born from 277 fusions of oocytes with udder cells. Wilmut says there were so many failures because it is difficult to ensure that the empty oocytes and the donor cell are at the same stage of the cell division cycle.To clone Dolly, basically scientists took an unfertilized egg cell, removed the nucleus, replaced it with cells taken from the organism to be cloned, put it into an empty egg cell which... [tags: Genetic Engineering Essays]
1446 words (4.1 pages)