Drugs - Cocaine and Crack Essay

Drugs - Cocaine and Crack Essay

Length: 3346 words (9.6 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

      "Cocaine and crack are among the most addictive substances known to modern science, and they have already ruined the lives of millions of Americans" (Morganthau and Miller, 208). Cocaine and crack are both dangerous, harmful drugs. Though pleasurable effects can be obtained from these drugs, the use of crack and cocaine cannot be worth the actual consequences that are inflicted on mind and body. The bad effects of these drugs, by far outweigh the good. Because crack and cocaine are so closely related, it is important to have a firm understanding of both drugs.

Cocaine (coke) is made from the Erythroxylon coca plant, a coca tree that grows high in the Andes Mountains of South America. The coca farmers' purpose is to pick and process the leaves into a paste from which cocaine is extracted (Edwards, 64). These Indians of Bolivia and Peru chew the coca leaves to obtain a mild stimulation, which helps fight fatigue that is caused by the high altitudes at which they work. Chewing the leaves does not see to harm the users, because the stimulating chemical extracted from them is in such small quantities. They stop chewing the coca leaves when they come down from the high altitudes because there is no longer any need for it (Edwards, 63).

Cocaine is known as the most potent drug (Mickey, 2). It is an odorless powder, sometimes crystalline, and sometimes fluffy white. Pure cocaine hydrochloride is so potent that a one-gram dose is lethal. Because very small quantities of cocaine induce euphoria, drug dealers "cut" the pure powder of cocaine with adulterants such as mannite, dextrose, lactose, tartaric acid, and sodium bicarbonate (Edwards, 65).

From cocaine comes crack, a very powerful drug that is an approximately 75...

... middle of paper ...


Works Cited

Beschner, George and Alfred S. Friedman. Teen Drug Use. Lexington, Massachusetts: D.C. Health and Company, 1986.

Edwards, Gabrielle I. Coping With Drug Abuse New York: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc., 1990.

Knowles, Gordan James M.A. "Dealing Crack cocaine: A View From The Streets of Honolulu." FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin July 1996: 1-8.

Mickey, Dr. Robert. "Angel Dust, Crack, Grass, Ice, Junk." Christian Social ActionJune 1990: 8+.

Morganthau, Tom and Mark Miller. "Tougher Law Enforcement Will Win the War Upon Drugs." War on Drugs. San Diego, California: Greenhaven Press, 1990.

Schroder, Donald D. "Cocaine Use Is Not Sensationalized." Chemical Dependency. St. Paul, Minnesota: Greenhaven Press, Inc., 1985.

Zonderman, Jon and Laurel Shader M.D.Drugs and DiseaseNew York, New York: Chelsea House Publishers, 1987.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Cocaine verus Crack Cocaine Essay

- Cocaine originated from South America, from coca leaves. Originally, the coca leaves were chewed by workers to decrease fatigue, improve endurance and have a greater resistance to the cold. This was to benefit the workers so they could work longer hours and be more productive. In 1855 the active ingredient in cocaine was isolated from the leaves, and in 1880 it was used as a local anesthetic (Nunes,2006). It was also used in coca cola. In 1855, coca cola was a soda beverage that contained sixty milligrams of cocaine for every eight ounces of the beverage....   [tags: hard core drugs]

Strong Essays
1593 words (4.6 pages)

The Addiction Of Crack Cocaine Addiction Essay

- ... Sterk study reflects that initially most of the women were just occasional users, since they only experimented with it in special occasions, but just as many alcoholics, slowly most social gatherings become synonym of an occasional situation for its recreational use. The main factor of such an easy crack-cocaine addiction is the very short duration of its high state, which also after the very first time is never as ecstatic and often follows an almost immediate craving for another rush. This makes the users to try more continuously searching for that first experience they no longer can get to recreate....   [tags: Drug addiction, Cocaine, Crack cocaine]

Strong Essays
1710 words (4.9 pages)

The Crack Cocaine Epidemic of the Mid 1980s Essay

- “Just Say No!” A statement that takes us deep into yet another decade in the history of the United States which was excited by controversies, social issues, and drug abuse. The topic of this statement is fueled by the growing abuse of cocaine in the mid 1980s. I shall discuss the effects of the crack cocaine epidemic of the mid 1980s from a cultural and social stand point because on that decade this country moved to the rhythms and the pace of this uncanny drug. Cocaine took its told on American society by in the 1980s; it ravaged with every social group, race, class, etc....   [tags: Drugs ]

Strong Essays
1391 words (4 pages)

Adolescent Black Males and Their Entanglement With Crack Cocaine Essay

- Adolescent Black Males and Their Entanglement With Crack Cocaine This research proposal will explore the dependent factors that determine why impoverished adolescent Black Males turn to crack cocaine as a means of survival. Survival is defined as, the act of or facts of surviving, especially under adverse or unusual circumstances. Generally, Black Adolescent males engage themselves in crack cocaine by way of dealing or trafficking. This study is important because there are many underlying factors that are not studied in regard to why this population turns to crack cocaine as a means of survival....   [tags: Drugs]

Strong Essays
2199 words (6.3 pages)

Essay on Why Black Men Turn To Crack Cocaine To Survive

- This research proposal will explore the dependent factors that determine why impoverished adolescent Black men turn to crack cocaine as a means of survival. Survival is living under but overcoming adverse or unusual circumstances. Generally black adolescent men engage themselves in crack cocaine by way of dealing or trafficking. This study is important because it emphasizes the many underlying factors that can promote this type of lifestyle as a means of survival. When examining this particular field of study two main causes come to mind, the struggle and the trouble....   [tags: Drugs]

Strong Essays
2112 words (6 pages)

Cocaine : The Big Problem Essay

- ... However, the tradition was broken when the Spanish soldiers invaded Peru in 1532. Cocaine began to be used in clinical settings in 1884, around the same time Sigmund Freud, the father of psychoanalysis, published a book called “Uber Coca” which stated that Cocaine had “benefits” and it was a“magical” substance. Freud himself used Cocaine and even promoted its use, according to the article “COCAINE: A SHORT HISTORY. It gained such widespread popularity, that the book Cocaine And Your Nose, author Melanie Ann Apel points out that Cocaine had even been added to Coca Cola in 1886....   [tags: Cocaine, Drug addiction, Crack cocaine, Morphine]

Strong Essays
1530 words (4.4 pages)

The Murder Of Possession Of Cocaine Essay

- ... This officer was also wearing a department issued dark blue uniform pants, with two hollywood police patches both located on each arm. Upon approaching the above location 5-6 black males noticed our presence and began running north bound from the above location. No chase or following was conducted due to not having any probable cause at the time. While still patrolling the area, all three officers noticed an older model gray buick (bearing florida tag c521cy) with its front passenger door open and feet sticking out of the door....   [tags: Cocaine, Drug addiction, Crack cocaine]

Strong Essays
917 words (2.6 pages)

Crack’s Effect on New York City Essay

- Crack’s Effect on New York City In the summer of 1985, New York City was introduced to the drug crack. The ensuing seventeen years have culminated into some of the most turbulent, and crime ridden years in the history of New York City. Crack is the street name for a form of cocaine introduced in the mid-1980s. Crack is smoked, rather then sniffed through the nose, or injected, which are all other ways to use cocaine. Users of the drug inhale the vapors that are given off when the crack is heated (Berger pg.20)....   [tags: Illegal Drugs Crack Essays]

Strong Essays
4233 words (12.1 pages)

Cocaine and the Nervous System Essay examples

- Cocaine and the Nervous System All drugs have a negative effect on the nervous system, but few can match the dramatic impact of cocaine. Cocaine is one of the most potent, addictive, and unpredictable recreational drugs, and thus can cause the most profound and irreversible damage to the nervous system. The high risk associated with cocaine remains the same regardless of whether the drug is snorted, smoked, or injected into the user¡¯s bloodstream. In addition to the intense damage cocaine can cause to the liver, intestines, heart, and lungs, even casual use of the drug will impair the brain and cause serious damage to the central nervous system....   [tags: Drug Drugs Coke Cocaine Essays]

Strong Essays
1097 words (3.1 pages)

Cocaine Essay

- My report is on the drug cocaine. I will tell mainly how it affects the body and nervous system. I also have included where Cocaine comes from to help understand exactly what we’re talking about, and to clear up any misunderstanding about the drug. Cocaine is both a central nervous system stimulant and an anesthetic. It is found in the leaves of the coca plant. The traditional method of coca use is to chew the leaves, producing a mild stimulation. Outside of South America it is generally used in it’s more refined and extracted forms, either powder cocaine, or freebase cocaine and makes a much stronger effect than chewing the leaves....   [tags: essays research papers]

Strong Essays
1074 words (3.1 pages)