The Benefits Genetic Engineering for Medical Purposes Essay

The Benefits Genetic Engineering for Medical Purposes Essay

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Genetic Engineering has developed by very rapidly over the past twenty years. It is also one of the most controversial topics to go through the United States. From the research gene therapy to the cloning of different animals, genetic engineering can save lives while at the same time, endanger them as well. There are many pros and cons which are being heavily debated by political, scientific, and many other organizations. Most are centered on the idea of using Stem cells as a way of curing diseases.

Stem cells are cells that have the capabilities to develop into many different types of cells in the body. Serving as a type of repair system for the body, they can theoretically divide without limit to take over for other cells for as long as the person or animal is still alive. When a stem cell divides, each cell has the potential to either remain a stem cell or become another type of cell with a more specialized function, such as a muscle cell, a red blood cell, or a brain cell. There are three different types of stem cells: totipotent, multipotent, and pluripotent. These stem cells have the potential to cure many diseases in many different areas of health. Such things as cancer and birth defects are caused by cell abnormalities and stem cells can be used to correct these things (NIH, FAQ's, 1). But stem cell research still has a few kinks to fix before it can be called one-hundred percent safe. Pluripotent stem cells, while having great therapeutic potential, face a few technical challenges. Scientists must learn how to control their development into all the different types of cells in the body. Also, the cells now available for research are likely to be rejected by the patient's immune system. Another issue is ...

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...kota, South Dakota, Rhode Island, Virginia, and many others.

Genetic Engineering is not supported greatly from the government, so it depends mostly on funds donated from the public. People such as Bill Gates, Arnold Schwarzenegger, and many other Hollywood celebrities donate money to the research of stem cells. Many people who are strongly for the research of Stem cells have family members who may be cured by their therapeutic nature. On the contrary, most of the citizens who are discrediting Stem cell research are abortion critics as well.

Genetic Engineering has developed at a rate which no one could have expected. The treatments that have been developed and could one day be developed can save numerous lives around the world. A few corrections still remain, though, but these corrections will not be able to take place if they are against the law.

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