I. Francis Bacon sought to acquire useful knowledge. He took a distaste for Aristotle and Scholasticism while a student at Trinity College.
II. Bacon rebelled against the regnant Western philosophical tradition.
A. He attacked it for confusing religious and natural knowledge and for emphasing concern for words rather than concern for things. Westerners are too concerned with rhetoric.
B. He sought to reorient rational inquiry toward existing things; ie. The natural world. This imquiry must be: (divorce from classics and new marriage)
- Chaste--ie, Without ornamentation or self-indulgence
- Holy--ie. Undertaken with Christian humility and reverence, and directed toward charitable use (eleviate human suffering)
- Legal--ie. It must follow rules and the correct method for acquiring knowledge.
C. Bacon intend his New Organon (as opposed to the Organon that was always taught in western universities) to move European thought away from the worn and torture...
... middle of paper ...
...ibe" are the general tendencies inherent in human nature (uncritical reliance on sense perception, overgeneralizing, perceiving order where none exists)
The Utopian New Atlantis (a new relationship between man and nature) in which human beings govern their relationship with natue and to society on behalf of real interest--knowledge is the instrument by patient observation. This gained disciples over time in the 17th century.
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