Essay World Systems Theory in Archaeology

Essay World Systems Theory in Archaeology

Length: 1434 words (4.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

These papers deal with the world systems theory of Wallerstien's article as well as the other specialists' criticisms on it. They bring up basically three main ideas, which first off, include the significant role of the periphery in the core- periphery relationship. Secondly, the need to focus on internal and local affects on interrelations between different polities instead of concentrating on the external and generalized role of interaction. Lastly, they demand a model that is diversified enough to allow for analyzation of various levels of interaction between different groups.

In Halls article, he points out that this theory has a few weaknesses, such as its basis is on only one situation of modern times, which does not always have applications to past societies. It is necessary to define the difference between "new" linear events that result from progress over time, and those occurrences that can be explained as historical-cyclical tendencies. To illustrate these types of occurrences, he states that there is a cyclical development from unicentric to multicentric organizations or hegemonic shifts. An example is given between the transfer of power or leadership from the British to the American. Although in concerning this shift the more significant change is the rise of capitalism in the first place that aided in the shift of power.

In order to understand the prehistoric past it is necessary for archaeologists to purpose new theories of interregional interactions. First of all, in order to achieve this increased communication between archaeologist and different type of specialists must happen, before arriving at theories that work. Hall's view on the present day situation is the overflow of theories and models where...


... middle of paper ...


...y of this relationship.

Many points mentioned are important, especially the idea by all that in order to start to understand interactions relations between groups, we must develop a paradigm and not focus on creating one theory, that is either to general or not enough. Further, the importance of ethnographic studies in realizing that the current model does not hold, and the diverse ways groups can interrelate is essential to developing theories that work. Furthermore I agree that both the internal and cultural factor and the external and functional factors must be observed to understand why the change occurred. Finally the importance of the periphery in the periphery core model is essential to understand in view of the previous statement in order to obtain an accurate view on how systems develop in relation to one another and other factors, such as distance.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Agency, Power and Heterarchy in Contempory Archaeology Essay

- Stephen Shennan's concern with how non-state agrarian societies have been characterized by archaeological studies in the past is well founded. Characterizing (and categorizing) non-state societies as stepping-stones evolving into future states is an outdated approach to these studies. The approach he proposed would focus on our understanding the archaeological record as the remains of social practices, rather than generalized social institutions. He refers to Bourdieu's theory of practice, and stresses the need to ground social archaeology in the micro-scale of day-to-day activities in our analyses....   [tags: Sociology]

Free Essays
459 words (1.3 pages)

How A Theory Is On The 21st Century Essay

- Evolving Writing Assignment #3 What is a theory. Where do theories come from. How do you go about evaluating a theories validity. These many seem like very straightforward questions that have long ago been analyzed and answered by science, but let us take a closer look. In this paper I will examine these three crucial aspects of a theory focusing on the 21st century. Most likely if you were to look up the definition or description of a theory you would find something like this: “a coherent group of tested general propositions, commonly regarded as correct, that can be used as principles of explanation and prediction for a class of phenomena” (Dictionary.com)....   [tags: Reality, Mind, Randomness, World view]

Strong Essays
1025 words (2.9 pages)

The Roots Of Systems Theory Essay

- U2A1: Roots of Systems Theory Introduction Laszlo and Krippner (1998) describe a system as “a complex of interacting components together with the relationships among them that permit the identification of a boundary-maintaining entity or process. (p. 2) Systems Theory is based on studying how individual parts of a system interact with each other to produce certain behaviors. System theory can be classified as identifying patterns and behaviors. The roots of system thinking have been in existence since the early 20th Century and have since been formally identified as such....   [tags: Systems theory, System, Systems thinking]

Strong Essays
1200 words (3.4 pages)

The Importance of Archaeology Essay

- Archeology is the study of historical and prehistorcial civilizations through the recovery and analysis of their materials culture. Moreover, it contains the study of human activity in the past. It has been often put to political use. In time of Adolf Hitler the Nazi Leader, archeology was unlikely special interest. The importance of Archeology was used by its leader to make his case that Germany had every right to invade surrounding countries. They used nationalism and the archeology itself to maintain and rationalize their party ideology of the superior Germanic race....   [tags: nazi archaeology, freedom, germany]

Strong Essays
1242 words (3.5 pages)

The History Of Archaeology And Its Impact On The Development Of Archaeology

- The development of archaeology has created two types of archaeology, which are post-processual and processual. Both distinct schools goal is to develop an explanation and explain the past. Despite their similarities, both types of archaeology gather information and explain the evidence differently. Processual and post-processual both have their own historical development, expressed goals, theoretical orientations, and the types of cultural reconstruction made. Processual archaeology is known as the new or scientific archaeology because it requires computers, absolute data techniques, and using the scientific method (hypothesis)....   [tags: Archaeology, Culture, Scientific method]

Strong Essays
902 words (2.6 pages)

Essay on Understanding Depression: Family Systems Theory

- Depression is classified as a mood disorder by the DSM-IV (1994) and is defined as a mental illness characterized by sadness, general apathy, a loss of self-esteem, feelings of guilt, and, at times, suicidal tendencies (Lexicon, n.d). Depression is one of the most common mental illnesses that individuals receive treatment for today. In any six-month period, 9.4 million Americans, and 340 million people in the world, suffer from this disease. One in four women and one in 10 men will develop depression during their lifetime (An Overview of Depression, n.d)....   [tags: Family Systems Theory]

Strong Essays
3648 words (10.4 pages)

Gender And Archaeology Of South Korea Female Archaeologists Essay

- Power can be defined as a factor that aims to produce change or impact within individuals through detailed progression. The concept of power is related to this gender and archaeology course as it is perceived to be a male dominated field which is driven by patriarchy. It is patriarchy that is the process in which it aims to alienate women into not being fully recognized for their contributions to archeological research as well as the way scientists look at archeological discoveries through a male perspective....   [tags: Gender, Gender role, Archaeology, Female]

Strong Essays
1320 words (3.8 pages)

Essay on The Organizational Behavior And Systems Theory

- The four contemporary approaches to management are sociotechnical systems, quantitative management, organizational behavior and systems theory. Each approach is unique, and each approach can be used in many types of management. The sociotechnical systems theory looks at two things. The social system in the work environment and the technical system in the work environment. The combination of these two things can lead to an organizations effectiveness in keep customers satisfied. The social system consists of the organizations workers and the technical system looks the workers training, tools and knowledge....   [tags: Management, Organization, Systems theory]

Strong Essays
703 words (2 pages)

A Research Study On Archaeology Essay

- Archaeology is comparatively a young discipline amongst other fields of social sciences. Through conceptuality and practicality, the discipline has been continuously enhancing, especially within the last few decades. Since its development, practice and theory has become the interlocked components of this discipline. Theory is particularly a vital component of the discipline because it constructs the archaeological interpretations which vary between methodologies. There is a great theoretical debate in the discipline of archaeology between schools of thought regarding the concerning the fundamental causes of human behavior, dubbed “biology versus culture” for example....   [tags: Archaeology, Culture, Processual archaeology]

Strong Essays
1478 words (4.2 pages)

Archaeology and the Trojan War Essay

- Archaeology and the Trojan War “… he [Heinrich Schliemann] found layers of ruins … and two bore unmistakable signs of violent destruction. One of these layers, the seventh according to more recent excavators, was no doubt the city of Priam and Hector. The historicity of the Homeric tale had been demonstrated archaeologically.” - M.I. Finley, the World of Odysseus Introduction The Trojan War and its characters are detailed in the writings of Homer, Vergil, Dante and many others. It is a fantastical tale of a decade-long siege of a powerful city by a massive pan-hellenic force....   [tags: Archaeology Ancient World History]

Strong Essays
1694 words (4.8 pages)