In Halls article, he points out that this theory has a few weaknesses, such as its basis is on only one situation of modern times, which does not always have applications to past societies. It is necessary to define the difference between "new" linear events that result from progress over time, and those occurrences that can be explained as historical-cyclical tendencies. To illustrate these types of occurrences, he states that there is a cyclical development from unicentric to multicentric organizations or hegemonic shifts. An example is given between the transfer of power or leadership from the British to the American. Although in concerning this shift the more significant change is the rise of capitalism in the first place that aided in the shift of power.
In order to understand the prehistoric past it is necessary for archaeologists to purpose new theories of interregional interactions. First of all, in order to achieve this increased communication between archaeologist and different type of specialists must happen, before arriving at theories that work. Hall's view on the present day situation is the overflow of theories and models where...
... middle of paper ...
...y of this relationship.
Many points mentioned are important, especially the idea by all that in order to start to understand interactions relations between groups, we must develop a paradigm and not focus on creating one theory, that is either to general or not enough. Further, the importance of ethnographic studies in realizing that the current model does not hold, and the diverse ways groups can interrelate is essential to developing theories that work. Furthermore I agree that both the internal and cultural factor and the external and functional factors must be observed to understand why the change occurred. Finally the importance of the periphery in the periphery core model is essential to understand in view of the previous statement in order to obtain an accurate view on how systems develop in relation to one another and other factors, such as distance.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Stephen Shennan's concern with how non-state agrarian societies have been characterized by archaeological studies in the past is well founded. Characterizing (and categorizing) non-state societies as stepping-stones evolving into future states is an outdated approach to these studies. The approach he proposed would focus on our understanding the archaeological record as the remains of social practices, rather than generalized social institutions. He refers to Bourdieu's theory of practice, and stresses the need to ground social archaeology in the micro-scale of day-to-day activities in our analyses.... [tags: Sociology]
459 words (1.3 pages)
- Archeology is the study of historical and prehistorcial civilizations through the recovery and analysis of their materials culture. Moreover, it contains the study of human activity in the past. It has been often put to political use. In time of Adolf Hitler the Nazi Leader, archeology was unlikely special interest. The importance of Archeology was used by its leader to make his case that Germany had every right to invade surrounding countries. They used nationalism and the archeology itself to maintain and rationalize their party ideology of the superior Germanic race.... [tags: nazi archaeology, freedom, germany]
1242 words (3.5 pages)
- Depression is classified as a mood disorder by the DSM-IV (1994) and is defined as a mental illness characterized by sadness, general apathy, a loss of self-esteem, feelings of guilt, and, at times, suicidal tendencies (Lexicon, n.d). Depression is one of the most common mental illnesses that individuals receive treatment for today. In any six-month period, 9.4 million Americans, and 340 million people in the world, suffer from this disease. One in four women and one in 10 men will develop depression during their lifetime (An Overview of Depression, n.d).... [tags: Family Systems Theory]
3648 words (10.4 pages)
- Foucault is best remembered for his historical inquiries into the origins of “disciplinary” society in a period extending from the 16th to the 19th centuries. Today, however, under the conditions of global modernity, the relevance of his contribution is often called into question. With the increasing ubiquity of markets, the break up of centralized states and the dissolution of national boundaries, the world today seems far removed from the bounded, disciplinary societies Foucault described in his most famous books.... [tags: Theory of the Disciplinary Society]
2316 words (6.6 pages)
- The assigned case study revolves around the life and various changes that are occurring to Mrs. Smith. The goal is to plan an Advanced Practice Nursing care for her that is personalized and specific to her circumstances, stressors, strengths, support systems and goals. It is based on the assessment of her physiological, social, emotional systems. In order to accomplish the goals and objectives, the General Systems Theory will be utilized to assist and guide the APRN in assessing and recognizing the problems present in the various aspects of her life and formulating interventions that will assist, guide, and direct her towards resolutions, health, wellness, acceptance and overall positive ac... [tags: Systems theory, System, Output, Cybernetics]
1402 words (4 pages)
- Archaeology and the Trojan War “… he [Heinrich Schliemann] found layers of ruins … and two bore unmistakable signs of violent destruction. One of these layers, the seventh according to more recent excavators, was no doubt the city of Priam and Hector. The historicity of the Homeric tale had been demonstrated archaeologically.” - M.I. Finley, the World of Odysseus Introduction The Trojan War and its characters are detailed in the writings of Homer, Vergil, Dante and many others. It is a fantastical tale of a decade-long siege of a powerful city by a massive pan-hellenic force.... [tags: Archaeology Ancient World History]
1694 words (4.8 pages)
- Archaeology is the closest thing we have to a time machine. It is the only way we can know the unrecorded, and sometimes even the recorded, past. History may be written by the victorious, but archaeology is about the common people. There are archaeological sites ranging in age from thousands-of-years-old prehistoric habitations, to the Egyptian pyramids, to World War II military bases. As a means of obtaining knowledge about our collective past, archaeology has been unsurpassed. It is the literal and figurative digging up of the forgotten past.... [tags: historical puzzle, past civilizations]
2380 words (6.8 pages)
- For over one hundred and fifty years inquiries and research projects, some more beneficial than others, have been made into the preserved remains of lake dwellings found across Europe. The unique discoveries of pile dwellings in Lake Zurich in 1854 ignited the frantic search for more prehistoric sites, attracting interest from antiquarians seeking to better our understanding of the past (Menotti, 2004). Hundreds of new sites were found and the works of early archaeologists like Munro and Keller provided a written record for the future.... [tags: Archeology ]
2180 words (6.2 pages)
- 1) Metallurgical Origins in Africa Introduction The study of metallurgy in Africa has been dominated by a concern with origins and antiquity. Some Anthropologists believe that African metallurgy was an early, independent invention, while others believe that it was an innovation, which came relatively late, and was a product of diffusion. With these two hypotheses as our only reference points, we are limited in our knowledge of metallurgy as well as its role in the lives of African people. Anthropologists often find themselves in the predicament of being presented with a small number of precedent theories, which shape and direct further studies.... [tags: Africa African Archaeology Essays]
2334 words (6.7 pages)
- Archaeology There is a saying that goes: One must first have an understanding of the past in order to proceed into the future. An archaeologist’s job, therefore, is very important because they have the crucial role of interpreting the past through archaeological finds. How does an archaeologist go about doing this. How does he interpret his findings. How are the artifacts that he finds related to the behaviors of past humans. Concepts such as patterning and middle range theory are the main tools used for this interpretation of the past.... [tags: essays research papers]
813 words (2.3 pages)