Behaviorism is a theory that focuses on objectively observable behaviors, while discounting mental activities. Behavior theorists thus define learning as an observable or quantifiable change in behavior through the "universal learning process" known as conditioning. There are two types of conditioning, classical and operant, each of which yield a different behavioral pattern.
Classical conditioning, also referred to as, "Pavlovian conditioning," is a type of learning in which an organism learns to associate two stimuli: the conditioned (an initially neutral stimulus) and the unconditioned (a stimulus that routinely triggers an unconditioned response). If the conditioned stimulus accompanies the unconditioned stimulus, one will eventually learn to elicit an anticipatory and preparatory conditioned response in the presence of the conditioned stimulus alone (p 228).
Although the ideas of classical conditioning were incomplete, "if we see further than Pavlov did, it is because we stand on his shoulders." (p 235) He provided us with a type of learning that is virtually applicable to all organisms dur...
... middle of paper ...
...ent can take place of what is happening, and whether it is positive to enlarge the students' contributions in learning from life, thereby reducing the adaptive role of the teacher.
To seek a best way to structure learning runs the risk of imposing conformity on what should be a rich and diverse experience. As you can see, each theory has its positive and negative aspects, which is why I suggest a pragmatic approach that considers both the learner and the subject matter at issue and then opts for the approach -- classical/operant conditioning, social learning, cognitive, or a combination -- that best suits that particular learning experience.
Myers, David G. (2010). Exploring Psychology, eigth edition. New York: Worth Publishers.
Rabinowitz, B., Siegel, Dr. S. & Spear., Dr. N. (2004). Class tapes: COCR958 The Science of Psychology.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Learning Theory of Instructional Design The instructions created by teachers and trainers in different educational and training institutes as well as in training programs of different organizations, which include the “instructional experiences which helps in making the learning a better experience by enabling and making the process of acquisition of related and relevant knowledge and skill more efficient, appealing in nature, and effective for the learner; is known as “Instructional Design”. There are various theories under “Instructional Design” such as Learning Theory, Pedagogical Theory, and Instructional Theory.... [tags: learning, theory, elabroation, design]
959 words (2.7 pages)
- Albert Bandura was a pioneer in Social Learning Theory. It includes the concepts of traditional learning theory and the operant conditioning of B. F. Skinner. Bandura believed that behavior is learned from the environment through Observational Learning and mediating processes between stimuli & responses. This paper deliberates an article by Joan E. Grusec She offers an evaluation of Social Learning Theory from a historical perspective by concentrating on Bandura’s research and theory in the 1960s and 1970s.... [tags: Psychology, Social learning theory]
1349 words (3.9 pages)
- While reading Kolb 's Learning Styles Model and Experiential Learning Theory, I have identified myself as an accommodating learner. At first I was somewhat surprised, but the more I read about the learning styles, particularly after I completed Kolb’s Learning Style Inventory it made more sense. I have a very hands-on style, which matches perfectly with my enjoyment of performing tests to find the root cause of behavior that I’m investigating. However, sometimes I rush to make decisions on the impulse of having the task at hand finished, failing to analyze all the options that are available.... [tags: Learning, Education, Learning theory]
761 words (2.2 pages)
- The social cognitive learning theory focuses on learning in a social setting. Observing the behavior of others develops individual philosophy, proficiency, policy, and procedures. By observing proper conduct modeled by others, individuals apply personal principles to their actions in an effort to achieve desired results (Schunk, 1996, p. 102). Applying the social cognitive learning theory to my personal beliefs requires me to reflect upon the many mentors, leaders, peers, and family members whose conduct inspired me to be who I am.... [tags: Psychology, Learning, Social cognitive theory]
862 words (2.5 pages)
- First Subtopic: The History and Conceptualization of Andragogy Edward Lindeman is thought by many to be the founder of contemporary adult education. His work in the area of adult education included the writing of articles, books, public presentations, assistance in the collegiate system as a lecturer of social work and as an associate pastor in the church (Brookfield 1986). Lindeman and Martha Anderson traveled to observe and analyze the German Folk High School system and the worker’s movement. Consequently, Lindeman and Anderson’s comparative research lead to the breakthrough of the German perception of andragogy.... [tags: Theory of Adult Learning ]
1327 words (3.8 pages)
- There are different types of cognitive learning, in which each person has made their contributions to the human learning theories. Each theorist has made some great points to find the human understanding and how it shapes a person in learning and the cognition. Albert Bandura was one of those theorist in which he believed that our behavior is learning by observing others. One of Bandura’s theory was the Bobo doll study (Bandura, 1977). Bandura’s Contributions Banduras research became a part of the cognitive revolution in psychology (Bandura, 1977).... [tags: Psychology, Theory, Learning]
854 words (2.4 pages)
- There are four types; reflectors, theorists, activists and pragmatists of learning styles based on Peter Honey and Alan Mumford theory (2006). Each individual often complies with a specific style of the four styles for their learning. These styles of learning interpret the way individuals’ processes information and develop their knowledge. Reflectors surpass in their learning from observation and analysing. They excel in learning through also thinking methodically. Student nurses can benefit from complying with this learning style, as during the course, we would be frequently examining techniques and analysing the steps needed to perform the techniques and correctly.... [tags: Learning, Learning theory, Education]
1614 words (4.6 pages)
- Learning Theory There is nothing like working hard and being rewarded for it, my father would say to me every day before I left for work to my very first job. I was a Ticketing Cashier at a popular tourist attraction in my state where hundreds of thousands would attend every year. This was my first opportunity to earn my own pay check, so I valued every dollar and cent. The highlight of my position was having the opportunity to meet new people from all over the world, and earn incentives for upselling and exceeding customer standards.... [tags: Learning, Management, Scientific method]
719 words (2.1 pages)
- Learning is defined as a, "relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due to experience" (Myers, 2010). The purpose of this paper is to present a critical analysis of the different theoretical approaches and explanations for learning through an examination of the theories of behaviorism, social learning and cognitive. I will investigate the principles and postulates of each theory, their strengths and their weaknesses. It is my belief that because each theory is best applicable to varying types of learning, it is best that a combination of each is used to provide the most complete learning experience.... [tags: behaviorism, social learning, cognitive learning]
1901 words (5.4 pages)
- Learning ABSTRACT The concept of learning may be regarded as any process through which a system utilizes knowledge to improve its performance. As we move into the age of digital information, the rapid and explosive growth of external, as well as, internal data and information that organizations are faced with is a problem that they are currently trying to overcome. The ability to collect and store this data is far ahead of the ability to analyze and learn from it. The concept of learning will be examined from the perspective of the inferential learning theory.... [tags: Education Knowledge Learning]
2280 words (6.5 pages)