Hegel's philosophy of History, on of the greatest in the philosophy cannon, is the great philosophers greatest body of work. The philosophy of History is based on such ideals as the idea that Reason rules history. George Hegel used Immanuel Kant's system of philosophy as a basis for his own, discarding a few ideas and adding some more. Particularly, he found fault with his idea of the underlying reality of everything, or "noumena," can never be known. They exist in a plane outside of our own reality and understanding, and are therefore impossible to perceive and study, much like Plato's "forms." Hegel countered this notion with the phrase, "What is rational is real, and what is real is rational." He believed that the ability to be understood is a prequalification for something to exist. Also, Hegel completely reversed Kant's idea of the nature of truth. While Kant carefully listed and categorized the components of truth, Hegel stated that truth was an organic and dynamic process that is impossible to break into neat components. In fact, he claims that truth constantly changes and encompasses many contradictions. Truth, he says, comes about as a product of Geist, a German word that can be translated as mind, ghost, or God.
Hegel uses the system o...
... middle of paper ...
...istentialism has its roots in several different authors. Some of the common characteristics include angst, absurdity, nothingness, death, and alienation. A basic premise is that human existence precedes human essence. Life, on a basic level, makes no sense. The individual constantly feels out of place, as if they were thrust into the world. Since the self cannot be described in terms of any "thing" it is therefore a "nothing," and it is man who spreads nothingness throughout the world.
Jean Paul Sartre's major work was Being and Nothingness, in which he describes the en-soi and the por-soi. The en-soi amounts to the true objective reality, while the por-soi describes human consciousness. The conscious mind must deal with a number of different stressors that tear it apart from the en-soi world and even itself, leading to an inevitable feeling of angst, or "nausea."
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Philosophy in itself is an unidentifiable subject matter because of the lack of specificity in the fields it touches upon. It is “defined” as a way for humans to strive for ourselves in this reality in which we live in. No one person has the answers as to who we are and why we are living. The value of philosophy changes in character as history changes, thus the meaning of philosophy is what we as individuals perceive it to be. Though subjective, there are core ideals that unite the beliefs of all philosophy, such as the idea of the self.... [tags: Empiricists, Empiricism]
1628 words (4.7 pages)
- ... Within the short story, Jane is cut off from the rest of the world, locked alone in her room, and not allowed to visit anyone except for her husband and sister-in-law. While feeling unconnected to society, Jane is supposed to clear her mind (Gilman 1-2). This leaves her to pick up interest in her room, especially in the wallpaper. As the story progresses, Jane no longer finds interest in human company, but rather in the company of the wallpaper and its imaginary women (Gilman 5). Jane felt alienated from society because they believed, at that time, that in her condition, she would be unable to fit in with the world.... [tags: existentialism, moden philosphical movements]
2034 words (5.8 pages)
- Martin Luther started in studying Philosophy and law. With him learning philosophy, this would cause him to think deeply about anything around him. In addition, with him studying law this will give the education and backbone to go against certain standards in the most courteous of ways without being repugnant. In the summer of 1505, while he was returning home from school he had been engulfed in a storm. “As a bolt of lightning struck far from where he stood in terror, the young student cried out to the patron saint of travelers, ‘Help me, Saint Anne, I will be a monk (Merriman 100).’” It was this revelation that caused him to seek some other purpose in his life.... [tags: Philosophy, Catholicism]
656 words (1.9 pages)
- Philosophy 101 Essay 3 There are many questions that face human existence. Questions that we ask others and ourselves, while we try to find meaning. When there seems to be no clear or true answer then this puzzles humanity as we have a longing to understand and a longing for clarity. There are tons of philosophical questions one can think of or ask but they all seem to boil down to one single question. Does life have meaning. This question has been pondered over since human existence. After searching this world for an answer and not finding a concrete reply, this can be a frustrating experience.... [tags: the meaning of life, philosophy essay]
1437 words (4.1 pages)
- Rene Descartes's View on God In 1996, songwriter Joan Osborne performed a song called "One of Us" that was nominated for three Grammy Awards. What made this song so successful and interesting were the powerful lyrics that basically asked, "What if God were a human being?" As she was writing the lyrics to "One of Us," she was wondering about God and how the world would be different if God did exist in real life and not just a supernatural force. You may be asking yourself, "What does this have to do with the seventeenth century?" Well, in the seventeenth century, there was a man, named Rene Descartes, who was interested in God and wondered about His existence. After an unforgett... [tags: Philosophy essays]
1315 words (3.8 pages)
- The role of social commentary in art and literature is an often controversial one. After the publication of Salman Rushdie’s Satanic Verses – a book which comments on the experience of Muslims in Britain – a fatwā calling for the author’s death was put out. While contemporary examples of commentators being beset by hardship are not uncommon, artists in the past were regularly censured for their views and artworks. Dostoyevsky, for example, was put into exile for years and nearly put to death for his views.... [tags: Philosophy]
1665 words (4.8 pages)
- "The point of philosophy is to start with something so simple as not to seem worth stating, and to end with something so paradoxical that no one will believe it" - Bertrand Russell, The Philosophy of Logical Atomism. Bertrand Russell was born in 1872 in Wales, England as a member of a famous British family. He received a degree from Trinity Cambridge College with honors in Mathematics and Moral Sciences. His most famous works included the subjects of logic and philosophy, which were deeply rooted in his mathematics background.... [tags: Philosophy]
1132 words (3.2 pages)
- In the Symposium, written by Plato, Socrates and others engage in a dialogue in the home of Agathon on love. Instead of "singing the honours" (94) of love like the other participants, Socrates uses a retelling of a discussion that he had with a woman named Diotima to tell the audience of what he perceives to be the truth of love. He first speaks to Agathon in order to be on the same wavelength with him. Socrates asks Agathon a series of questions - which leads to Agathon being thoroughly confused and completely re-thinking his entire speech he just made.... [tags: Philosophy]
925 words (2.6 pages)
- “Let me tell you why the Creator made this world. He was good, and the good can never have any jealousy of anything. And because he was free from jealousy, he desired all things to be as much like himself as they could possibly be” (Pittenger 101). Plato was a famous philosopher. His affect the world was great. Many things that people have been wondering about for years, such as life’s questions, were first written by Plato in his different writings and dialogues. In his writings, he tried to answer things such as the meaning of life, what the world is truly like, or things pertaining to men being mortal or immortal.... [tags: Philosophy, Greek]
1513 words (4.3 pages)
- Philiosophy Philosophy is an all-important aspect of our lives. It is philosophy that we turn to when have the need to seek out a guiding principle for our lives. Therefore, philosophy holds a prominent place in society and in the world. Basically, everyone is a philosopher, but it takes the creative genius and reasoning of brilliant thinkers to bring about world-shattering concepts. Nevertheless, the common man also ruminates about his life and his unique existence to try to find the meaning of his life.... [tags: Papers]
506 words (1.4 pages)