The Nature of Man as Political Animal Essay example

The Nature of Man as Political Animal Essay example

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Not everyone will agree with Aristotle's political theory, but it is essential to understand the principals that underline the new political theories. Aristotle's politics is one of the most influential books of political philosophy. His main ideology consists in that a man is by nature a political animal because he can reason and communicate with others, therefore, has the potential to alter or change his living conditions for better because he can recognize the difference from right or wrong. Aristotle is proposing that a man with reason has to base his approach towards politics on the fundamental concept of good for human beings. However, based on the evaluation of modern politics, we can conclude that the idea of politics aiming at the human good has diminished.

Aristotle is defining happiness as the complete and sufficient good for human beings. In other words, happiness is desired for itself and not for the sake of anything else, it satisfies all the desires and has no evil mixed with it. Happiness according Aristotle is "being happy" and by "living well" and "doing well."(Nicomachean Ethics, 6) This depends on what individual consider living well and doing well. Many might think that living well involves wealth, honor and success whereas other might disagree arguing the living well means leading a good spiritual and religious life. However, the end, which we all want to achieve, is happiness, even thought it has different meaning and some might consider what is good for them also being good for another person. In all of the activities there is some end and we seek it for its own sake. If everything else is the same mean to these same ends, it will obviously be our highest and best end. Happiness is something always ...

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... our society, where good deeds are preformed with the hope of being rewarded, it is more than evident that personal happiness dominates. Personal happiness is not always bad, however, it just seems that the majority of times in our society it is dominated by self-interest. The domination of self-interest is seen everyday in the modern business world with companies unfairly using monopolies to eliminate their competition and also governments trying to invade other countries or regions in order to maximize their territory. It seems that unless the motive of self-interest is eliminated from the pursuit of happiness, we most likely will not experience the type of well being that Aristotle was describing.


Aristotle, The Nicomachean Ethic (Oxford, 1995)

Aristotle, Politics (Oxford, 1995)

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