Development Theory Essay examples

Development Theory Essay examples

Length: 780 words (2.2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Good Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

"The city in newly developing countries is a study in contrast of old and new, survivals of rural past and innovations from the West. This mixture is apparent not only in what one sees, but also within the inhabitants of such cities." (Breese,1969)

In the discussion of whether modern societies do represent "progress" over traditional societies, we go back to the one of the earliest foundations of the modernization theory. To enumerate briefly, a traditional society is commonly described as "primitive", "backward", having "rigid social structures" and whose economies are limited to "rural and agricultural levels." These characteristics are said to have a disadvantageous effect upon the development of a society. After WWII, when the gap between developed and under-developed countries were seen to be widening, solutions were proposed by social scientists in order to effect economic improvements or to elevate the status of the said traditional societies into the economies of modern societies.

In accordance to Rostow's stage theory, there are five stages of economic development in which a traditional society passes through, following the same pattern that the West has undergone:1) traditional society or subsistence economy 2) transition stage as pre-conditions for take-off where specialization generates trade surplus and mechanisms are created to support trade and investment, 3) take-off stage where industrialization grows rapidly and a more stable political and social environment is in place for sustainable trade, 4) drive to maturity where technological information creates diverse products and services for investment opportunities, lessening the need for imports and 5) age of high mass consumption where consumer durable industr...

... middle of paper ...

Moore was keen on replacing the tem "newly developing country with "modernizing country" which is defined as "the total transformation of a tradition or pre-modern society into the types of technology and associated social organization that characterize the "advanced: economically prosperous, and relatively politically stable nations of the Western World (Moore, 1963:89)

"It sees the teeming, sweltering warrens, where only the poorest dwell, adjoining luxurious villas where the only noise comes from an air-conditioner or splashing in a pool. It sees the sidewalk vendor in front of the Kingsway air-conditioned department store. It sees the newly arrived young migrant as he clambers down from atop a lorry load of vegetables, windblown and thirsty form the ride that has brought him to the city, wondering just where and how to start making his way." (Breese,1969

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Cognitive Theory And The Cognitive Development Theory Essay example

- Psychology is simply who we are, how we think, and is composed of several different ideas and theories. After studying just a few of these theories this semester, one that strongly stood out to me was the cognitive development theory. The cognitive development theory refers to the steps and procedures in which we as humans have or will overcome to develop ourselves as we grow older. I find this theory so important because it refers strongly to how each and every single person in the human race have developed their own knowledge and how this can result in how an individual can play a role in society based on their experiences....   [tags: Theory of cognitive development, Jean Piaget]

Good Essays
771 words (2.2 pages)

Piaget 's Cognitive Development Theory Essay

- The first level of Piaget’s cognitive development theory is the sensorimotor stage, which refers to the time from birth to about 2 years of age (Berk, 2007; Nevid, 2007; Blair-Broeker and Ernst, 2008). This stage is difficult to see the obvious development process on infants since they cannot verbalize anything. Therefore, “it is necessary to estimate their intellectual growth by the manner in which they sense […] their environment and by the manner in which they subsequently act upon it” (Thomas, 2000, p....   [tags: Theory of cognitive development, Jean Piaget]

Good Essays
972 words (2.8 pages)

Essay on Cognitive Development And Vygotsky 's Theory Of Social Development

- Does the how matter. Playing is one of the first activities children learn on the process of development. Is it important. Playing is very important on child development. Definitely most people agree that playing is important, but still today psychologist are conducting research to see what is the best way that children can learn. On one side of the spectrum are those who argue that screens does not help young children to learn. One the other side there are those who strongly agree that screens are the best manner that a child can acquire knowledge....   [tags: Jean Piaget, Theory of cognitive development]

Good Essays
1691 words (4.8 pages)

Children 's Cognitive Development Theory And Bowlby 's Attachment Theory

- Raising children is not an easy task because it requires strength, love, and patience. In today 's society, to spank, or not to spank, is one of the most crucial decisions parents make on the daily basis. Most parents look at physical punishment as child abuse, others view it as a form of disciplinary action. To discipline children, Developmental Psychologist Jean Piaget and John Bowlby provide readers with the necessities of how discipline should be applied. Through Piaget Cognitive Development Theory and Bowlby 's Attachment Theory readers are able to learn to correct their children in a reasonable fashion....   [tags: Theory of cognitive development, Jean Piaget]

Good Essays
1328 words (3.8 pages)

The Theory Of Moral Development Essay example

- There are many theories associated with developmental psychology, which studies the scientific process and cause of human development over the course of our lives. Developmental psychologists study a wide range of theoretical areas, such as biological, social, emotional, and cognitive processes (McLeod, S. A., 2012). Two theories of developmental psychology that I will be discussing will be the theory of moral development by Lawrence Kohlberg, and Jean Piaget’s theory of cognitive development. According to Kohlberg, individuals progress through a series of stages in the evolution of their sense of justice and in the kind of reasoning that they utilize to make moral judgments (Feldman, R., 20...   [tags: Jean Piaget, Theory of cognitive development]

Good Essays
1608 words (4.6 pages)

Essay on The Theory Of Mental Development

- Mental development aims to identify and understand the mechanisms in which information processing, perceptual skills, learning and many other aspects of the brain is developed (Foster, 2010). Jean Piaget established his own cognitive developmental stage theory, strongly believing that thinking develops with age and childhood immensely impacts an individual’s developmental process (Muss, 1967). Piaget noticed that when it came to problem solving, children would reason quite similarly receiving identical errors in tests (Brainerd & Reyna, 2015)....   [tags: Jean Piaget, Theory of cognitive development]

Good Essays
1630 words (4.7 pages)

Piaget 's Theory Of Cognitive Development Essay

- When Piaget was a biologist, he was always curious about how an organism adapts to the environment, which he described as intelligence. He then thought that behavior, the adaptation to the environment, is controlled through schemas which would be used to represent actions. This would then explain that adaptation is driven by the biological drive to find an equilibrium between the environment and these schemas. Going off of this, Piaget believed that infants were born with schemas that started operating at birth which he then called “reflexes.” As the child aged, the schemas would grow to become more complex and would go about this in a series of stages....   [tags: Theory of cognitive development, Jean Piaget]

Good Essays
1346 words (3.8 pages)

Jean Piaget's Theory Of Cognitive Development Essay

- Jean Piagets’ Theory of Cognitive Development Jean Piaget is best known for his cognitive development. Piaget had three children of his own, and through them he started making observations on his own children which eventually became the basis of his many future theories. In the 1920’s, he began to observe every day actions of infants and children to draw inferences about the thinking children do and underline their behaviors and why they act the way they do. Piagets’ theory went deeper than any psychologists or philosophers before him, and his theory is what shaped how we look and see children still in today’s time....   [tags: Jean Piaget, Theory of cognitive development]

Good Essays
1225 words (3.5 pages)

Essay on Piaget 's Theory Of Cognitive Development

- In chapter one, cognitive development was briefly discussed and now in chapter 5 it goes a little deeper. One of the first names that comes to mind when thinking of cognitive development is Piaget. Piaget’s theory is described as constructivist view to cognitive development. A constructivist view is that people create or “construct” their own view and knowledge of the world by the information they already know. They view life through the experiences and knowledge they already obtain. The essential building block to Piaget’s theory is schemes which are patterns of physical or mental action....   [tags: Jean Piaget, Theory of cognitive development]

Good Essays
1438 words (4.1 pages)

Piaget 's Theory Of Cognitive Development Essay

- Jean Piaget, a Swiss psychologist and biologist who is well known in the psychology field, developed a theory through observations involving children and their intellectual development. Through his observations on children, Piaget concluded that children view the world in a unique way, in which different from adults. In Piaget’s theory of cognitive development, he came up with four stages: sensorimotor (from birth to age two), preoperational (ages two to four), concrete operational (ages seven to eleven) and formal operational (ages eleven to fifteen)....   [tags: Theory of cognitive development, Jean Piaget]

Good Essays
780 words (2.2 pages)