Critical Examination of Malthusian Theory of Population Essay

Critical Examination of Malthusian Theory of Population Essay

Length: 985 words (2.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Thomas Robert Malthus, very popularly known as Malthus, was a professor of History and Political Economy at Haileybury College of the East Indian Company. He was a philosopher of 19th century. He lived his life from 1766 to 1834 AD. After writing an essay on the Principle of Population in 1805 AD, he became popular in the history of population studies. In his essay which later on became a very famous theory by the name "Malthusian Theory." In the theory, he has drawn some assumptions such as:


  1. Human beings have great potentialities to produce children
  2. In agriculture Law of Diminishing Returns operates
  3. Human beings will need food to eat
  4. Passion between sexes is necessary and unavoidable


This theory became very famous and controversial as well at that period too. On the one hand, there are some thinkers, known as Neo-Malthusians, supporting him but on the other hand there are numerous thinkers criticizing his theory on various accounts.

In his theory, it is found that human beings have great potentialities to produce children; food is necessary for the existence of human being but the land is limited; and the passion between the sexes is necessary and unavoidable which will increase the population in geometrical progression (like 1,2,4,8,16,32,64, and so on) but the food in arithmetic progression (like 1,2,3,4,5,6, and so on). At the end this will force an imbalance in population and means of subsistence. He further says that to control the population, people need to control birth as a preventive check on population growth. He talks about delayed marriage and even permanent self-denial from sex. And if birth is not controlled properly in time, this...


... middle of paper ...


...theory.

He has also said that in agriculture the Law of Diminishing Return operates. This seems true in the present. Of course the modern science has developed several techniques or methods, and medicines, vitamins and fertilizers. But it is only on the one hand because on the other hand it's also been found that the medicines, vitamins and fertilizers are declining the quality of the land. It is universal truth that agriculture needs land and it is limited too. It can not be widened at all. So more or less he is right to make such a prediction in his theory 200 years ago because ultimately the return in the agriculture is influenced.

Hence, now we can conclude that if we critically examine the Malthusian theory, we find some weakness and some strengths. Weakness and Strengths may differ person to person because it depends upon how we perceive the theory.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Malthusian Theory Essay

- Before we can answer this question, we must first determine what the Malthusian Theory is. There have been numerous opinions given on the issue of overpopulation, but Thomas Malthus’ took center stage. Simply put, he believed “that population size increases far more rapidly than food and energy resources and as a result, population growth will always threaten to outstrip food supplies” (Kornblum, p. 535). This logic became what we now know as the Malthusian Theory. Taketia, Theseia, Edweena, Judy, Ryan, and I (LaTonya) have come together to apply this theory to different areas of interest....   [tags: overpopulation, environmental sciences, ecology]

Better Essays
1434 words (4.1 pages)

A Critical Examination Of The Professional Development Essay

- A Critical Examination of the Professional Development Literature Related to Business Introduction Knapp (2003, p.112) treats professional development in its broadest sense as ‘the full range of activities, formal and informal, that engage teachers or administrators in new learning about their professional practice’. The University of Management and Technology notes the use of this phrase from 1857 onwards, which has been the focus of the education system for teachers to learn and change (Garet et al., 2001)....   [tags: Educational psychology, Learning, Psychology]

Better Essays
1074 words (3.1 pages)

Critical Theory- A Social Theory Essay

- “Critical Theory is a theory seeking emancipation and change in a dominant social order” (Baran & Davis, 2012). Critical theory is a social theory that deals with different aspects of society. It tends to critique cultures that include: media, advertising and consumer culture. Moreover, Critical theory is also used to study how education is dealt with using information technology and it also concentrates on social relationships that are social, political and economic. The critical theory is known to be one of the theories that have been defined in different ways by different theorists depending on how they understood the theory....   [tags: Emancipation, Dominant Social Order, Theory]

Better Essays
1323 words (3.8 pages)

The Theory Of Critical Thinking Essay

- 1. [Purpose] What is the purpose of this piece of writing. Is it clear. Our actions are a reflection of our behavior and our behavior is a reflection of our thought process. Hence thinking is very important in building ones personality and his/her reflexes on the society. We all think, all the time. But most of the thinking is undeveloped or only on a surface level. We take a thought process for granted which may deprive us from the improvement. Taking “thinking” for granted, deprive one from the improvement....   [tags: Critical thinking, Thought, Reasoning, Cognition]

Better Essays
1797 words (5.1 pages)

The Critical Race Theory: Examination of Minority Involvement in the Canadian Criminal Justice Sys

- The Critical Race Theory: Examination of Minority Involvement in the Canadian Criminal Justice System The Canadian population can be characterized as a multicultural and diverse system of individuals. There is little doubt that certain minority groups posses a lifestyle and pattern of behavior inviting conflict or confrontation with the police (Fleras & Elliot, 1996). In light of this confrontation, an increase can be seen in the number of Black individuals killed in comparison to Caucasian individuals by Canadian police officers....   [tags: Canada]

Better Essays
909 words (2.6 pages)

Critical Examination of Brooks' The Formalist Critics Essay

- Brooks starts his essay by listing “articles of faith I could subscribe to” (Brooks 19) and pointing out statements about literary criticism that might go with a formalist criticism. Yet, he questions that list its end, and seems to complain that his that his writings have been largely misunderstood. What his statements have to do with faith in connection with literature is up to the reader, since in one of his articles he specifically mentions, “literature is not a surrogate for religion” (Brooks 19)....   [tags: literature, writer, faith]

Better Essays
1028 words (2.9 pages)

A Critical Examination Of Police Enforcement Agencies Essay

- Introduction A critical examination of police departments across the United States would show that while law enforcement agencies do common work, few agencies utilize the identical same strategy to tackle crime and disorder problems within their communities. Many agencies still deploy a traditional response model to address routine and emergency calls for service. The response model places a high emphasis on fast response times to calls for service and effective investigations which result in arrest and prosecution....   [tags: Police, Criminal justice, Crime]

Better Essays
1070 words (3.1 pages)

An Examination Of Prosocial Behavior Theory Essay

- On Friday, March 13, 1964, around 3:15 a.m., in Kew Gardens, located in Queens, New York, Katherine “Kitty” Genovese walks home from the end of her job shift, is attacked and screams before she William Moseley murders her. However, a large number of neighbors hear her cries for assistance, and details differ as to how many people call the police. Subsequently, a single witness who hears Kitty scream ultimately makes the call for police assistance. This situation prompts the phenomenon of the bystander effect, which suggests there is a diffusion of responsibility (John Darley and Bibb Latané, 1968)....   [tags: Bystander effect, Kitty Genovese, Psychology]

Better Essays
861 words (2.5 pages)

Medical Examinations: Routine Examination Essay

- Why are we scared of routine examinations. Medical examinations are important because they aid in the detection and possible prevention of various diseases, ranging from simple cases of influenza to the most severe cases of cancer. Some of the procedures involved include recording of one’s age, weight and height, while documenting any health concerns shared by the patient. When a diagnosis is made, the physician prescribes a list of tests the individual should receive, to determine if the patient is suffering from any other issues....   [tags: disease prevention, cancer, influenza]

Better Essays
1193 words (3.4 pages)

Pediatrics: Cranial Nerve Examination Essay

- Oculomotor (III), trochlear (IV), Abducens (VI) cranial nerves Although each of these nerves control separate extraocular muscles, they are normally examined together due to their close functional interrelationships. • Look Similar to other cranial nerve examination, start with inspection of the eyes. Look at - The position of the head position: If diplopia is present, the head turned or tilted to minimize double vision. - Inspect for ptosis and eye position. - Ask the child to look at an object about five feet away....   [tags: Pediatric Examination]

Better Essays
2284 words (6.5 pages)