The Three Synoptic Gospels Essay

The Three Synoptic Gospels Essay

Length: 952 words (2.7 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Good Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The word "gospel" is a translation of the Greek word "euangelion" which means "good news. The first three books in the New Testament (Mark, Matthew, and Luke) are often referred to as the Synoptic Gospels (from Greek synoptikos, "seen together") They bear greater similarity to each other than any of the other gospels in the New Testament. Along with these similarities come some differences among the gospels, suggesting that each gospel was written for a specific audience and for a specific purpose. This paper will examine the resurrection of Jesus, while identifying the significant differences between Mark, Matthew and Luke. This paper will also analyze the differences to suggest the prominent theological perspective each gospel author might be trying to convey about the resurrection of Jesus.

Most Christian scholars agree that Mark was written before Matthew and Luke. Over half the material in Matthew and Luke is common to material in Mark, suggesting that Matthew and Luke used Mark to write their gospels. Matthew and Luke each have about 100 verses in common, most of them sayings; to explain this agreement, scholars assume that they used a primitive document, which they call Q. It consisted largely of sayings of Jesus. Matthew and Luke also contain unique material not present in Mark. This apparently came from two different sources, of which each author had access to only one. These differences and similarities can be seen in the story of the resurrection of Jesus. The resurrection of Jesus can be broken down into 5 sections: the approaching of the tomb, the removal of the stone, looking in the tomb, the response and the reaction.

In the approaching of the tomb, there are three very different accounts of who adv...


... middle of paper ...


... Mark and Matthew say in eight verses, Luke needs 11 verses. The two men questioning the women's faith and then the disciples not believing the women emphasizes that Luke's version challenges believers to put their faith into practice more fully.

The Synoptic Gospels give differing accounts about the resurrection of Jesus, however each is telling the same story. They state these same things: a group of women walked to the tomb, the stone was removed from in front of the tomb, a being told of Jesus' resurrection and the women were instructed to or told the disciples about the resurrection. The author of each gospel may have been writing for a specific audience and had specific purpose for their writings. Although, that can never be proven, there is no doubt that the gospels have stood the test of time and will continue to unless the words are proven false.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on The Synoptic Gospels

- The Synoptic Gospels are composed of the gospels of Mark, Matthew, and Luke. These three gospels covered many of the same stories; yet, they disagree with each other on various details within certain stories. Also, numerous events that are in Mark, is not in Matthew or Luke and vice versa. Many historians have concluded that Mark was the first of the three gospels written and that Matthew and Luke used Mark as a source to their own gospels. The Synoptic Gospels were first written in Greek, which would suggest to some ambiguity within Mark, Matthew, and Luke due to certain perceptions and translations within the Greek language....   [tags: Theology]

Good Essays
1808 words (5.2 pages)

Essay about Possible Solutions to the Synoptic Problem in the Gospels

- The term “Synoptic Problem” alludes to the similarities and differences that is apparent in the Synoptic Gospels. Events that occurred are detailed in somewhat different arrangements and narrations. These differences and similarities have caused observant Christians to wonder what could cause what appear to be a chronological difference in these Gospels and why do we have more than one Gospel. All of these observations and questions in essence make up the “Synoptic Problem.” (Lea and Black,The New Testament Its Background and message 2003:114) The development of the Gospel as described by Luke referred to “eyewitnesses” an “account of the things” and “an orderly account”....   [tags: bible, theology]

Good Essays
761 words (2.2 pages)

The Synoptic Problem: The New Testament Essay

- To understand the synoptic gospels of the New Testament, one must have a clear understanding of what synoptic means. Synoptic is defined as viewing or defining something in a similar manner using various vantage points or sources. The synoptic gospels are the first three gospels within the New Testament: Mark, Matthew, and Luke. These gospels are considered to be synoptic for the vast amount of material that is shared between the three books that is very similar and in some instances almost identical....   [tags: Mark, Matthew and Luke]

Good Essays
945 words (2.7 pages)

The Synoptic Problem: Analysis Of The Two-Gospel Hypothesis Essay

- Introduction Throughout history scholars and theologians have sought to determine the chronological order regarding the synoptic Gospels of the New Testament canon. They have often utilized both the internal sources, found within the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke, and external evidence to critically analyze the literary and historical relations. The two-Gospel hypothesis provides an effective response regarding these literary and historical similarities with the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke through a balanced approach utilizing both internal and external resources to address the long standing debate regarding the synoptic problem....   [tags: The Bible]

Good Essays
2065 words (5.9 pages)

The Four Gospels Essay

- The Four Gospels The word 'gospel' means good news. There are four gospel accounts in the New Testament: Matthew, Mark, Luke and John. The first three gospels are sometimes called the 'synoptic' (same view) gospels. This is because they each cover teaching and miracles by Jesus that are also covered in another account. John, writing later, recounts Jesus' other words and miracles that have a particular spiritual meaning. All four gospels present Jesus as both the Son of God and son of man. They all record His baptism, the feeding of the 5,000 from five loaves and two fishes, Mary's anointing of the Lord Jesus, His prayer in the garden of Gethsemane, His betrayal, trial, crucifixion, death,...   [tags: Christianity Religion]

Free Essays
1960 words (5.6 pages)

Essay about The Synoptic Problem

- The Synoptic Problem The synoptic problem is that of considering which of the 3 synoptic gospels. Matthew, Mark and Luke was written first and perhaps which gospel was written aided via the other and/or which writer used the questionable Q source. It is believed that there is a literary connection between the gospels as there is an obvious verbal agreement that suggests some kind of interdependence between them all. It is believed that these similarities have arisen because i....   [tags: Papers]

Good Essays
828 words (2.4 pages)

Essay Gospels Are The Utmost Importance Account Of The Life Of Christ

- These Gospels are the utmost importance account of the life of Christ. The literary information was given by three distinctive accounts from the apostle Matthew, Mark and Luke. Each one of these men had a special attachment to Jesus, some more than the other. One of them a doctor, a fisherman and a tax collector, each gives their views and accounts of Jesus 's lives in different segments. Matthew, a Levi and he were a tax collector by profession before he was called to be one of Jesus’s Apostles....   [tags: Jesus, New Testament, Gospel of Luke, Gospel]

Good Essays
836 words (2.4 pages)

The Gospels as Myths that Convey Moral Truths Rather than Record of Fact

- The Gospels as Myths that Convey Moral Truths Rather than Record of Fact Statement Three – The Gospels should be regarded as myths that convey moral truths rather then record of fact. Question – Explain and assess this claim with reference to the different approaches to the New Testament and evaluate the consequences for Christians of holding such a position. Several of reasons have to be looked to see why was the Gospels written and what effect has it got on the Christian communities....   [tags: Papers]

Good Essays
1005 words (2.9 pages)

Comparing the Synoptic Gospels Essay

- Comparing the Synoptic Gospels Should one fully read the opening four Gospels of the New Testament, he or she can find many similar patterns of literature and themes affording much attention to detail and study. This is what someone such as Merriam Webster would define as the ?Synoptic Gospels?. So, what are and how can we explain the differences and similarities among synoptic authors Matthew, Mark, Luke, and the gospel, John. Which Book was written first. To what extent did the Evangelists depend on oral tradition, written sources, or each other....   [tags: Papers Bible Christianity Jesus Essays]

Good Essays
2008 words (5.7 pages)

Essay on Gospels

- The new testament contains four (4) accounts of the story of Jesus’ life, death and resurrection as presented by Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, The 3 accounts are similar, while Johns bible presents Jesus in a unique way. These differences exist because Matthew and Luke got their information from Mark and John got his information from another source, maybe John did not have access to the other gospels or he chose not to use them. No one really knows the source of John’s gospel and we don’t know for sure who wrote the gospels....   [tags: essays research papers]

Good Essays
563 words (1.6 pages)