Although set in South Africa, Cry the Beloved Country has themes that
have permanent and universal interests. These are themes of crime and punishment,
the human cost of power and wealth, and division and reconciliation.
The underlying cause of crime in Johannesburg is rural-urban migration.
The aborigines had small farmlands which are arid and dry making it difficult for them to
cultivate any food crop the popular one being maize. The white farmers on the other
hand, had large acres and fertile farmlands making it possible for them to grow different
kinds of crops. They had farming equipments such as the tractor which the black folks
lacked or haven't even seen one before. In the harsh conditions of the weather, where
there is little or no rain, their state of affairs worsens. The white farmers really do not
suffer since their scale of production was high; they were able to survive during
unfavorable weather conditions. With this, they were able to export their produce to the
outside world and also to neighboring towns and cities making them rich while the black
farmers lived in adverse poverty.
Hearing the trumpet sound of Johannesburg they set out from their farmlands one
after the other. Like the story in Aesop's fables The Pied Piper of Hamelin where we find
children following the sweet sounds of a bagpipe from the Pied Piper only to find
themselves trapped in a cage. Over a long period of time the long full dangers were not
seen, but fathers, mothers, sons, and daughters went to work in Johannesburg and never
came back. In time, black folks tried to set up new homes and began to experience with
bewilderment and shame the shocks of disobedient chi...
... middle of paper ...
...d sites of his priestly function, he had
remained faithful to his calling. He never held Absalom's wrongdoing and reports
against him rather, he forgave him and that's the biggest reconciliation a parent can give
to a child.
Rather than waiting for time or governments to bring about change, each
of these characters set about whatever good is within his power; for each has come to
recognize how individual fear and indifference infects society with moral paralysis,
and each also realizes that the antidote to moral paralysis is individual courage and the
willingness to go forward in faith. They do not wait for some miraculous healing of this
paralysis to be brought about by the direct intervention of God, or through the
implementation of some theoretical scheme for a final solution, or through the flowering
of some political manifesto.
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