Orthodox to Reform and Everything Between
American Jews today identify themselves as Orthodox, Reform, Conservative, or Reconstructionist. These four movements in modern American Judaism are different in many aspects, but one must remember that even though there are differences in the different beliefs of the Jewish movements, that all Jews share a common bond of a history and a destiny. They are one people. These four movements are not considered denominations, but are differing philosophies. Many Jewish religious observances and practices cannot be easily put into a single particular movement because within each movement there is a wide diversity in custom, practice, and observance. These movements range from traditional to liberal and those in between.
Orthodox Judaism considers itself the authentic bearer of the religious Jewish tradition and believes highly in the preservation of tradition. It is also the oldest form of Judaism. In the United States it is estimated that today approximately 21% of Jews identify themselves as Orthodox (United Jewish Communities, 2003). The essential principle of Orthodox Judaism is Torah min Hashamayim, which mens that the Torah and all its commentaries and interpretations are divinely revealed (Einstein& Kukoff, 1989, p. 151). According to Orthodox Judaism because all the laws and traditions of Judaism are of direct and divine origin, they must be followed by all Jews.
This strict observance of laws and traditions is the main foundation that Orthodox Judaism is based on and contains many rules that dictate the life of an Orthodox Jew. The most basic of these rules is the insistence of living a mitzvah centered life. Mitzvah means the 613 commandments that Jew...
... middle of paper ...
...nity inside of Judaism itself. But, different views and movements are found in all religions and Judaism is no different. It is the very existence of different ideologies that the different movements in Judaism expresses that allows for the continued vitality and life of American Judaism.
De Lange, Nicholas. (2000). An Introduction to Judaism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Einstein, Stephen. & Kukoff, Lydia. (1989). Every Person's Guide to Judaism. New York: UAHC Press.
Hertzberg, Arthur. (1973). The Jews of the United States. New York: Quadrangle/ The New York Times Book Co.
Rich, Tracey R. (2003). Movements of Judaism. Retrieved October 8, 2003, from: http: //www.
United Jewish Communities. (2003). National Jewish Population Survey 2000-01. Retrieved October 8, 2033, from: http
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- “The term “Conservative” had been attached to the moderates by the Reformers because the moderates had branded them as radicals. This name hardly describes the movement aptly. Conservative Judaism, is the American version of the principles of positive historical Judaism. The conservatives accept the findings of modern scholarship that Judaism is the product of a long period of growth and evolution. However, this process did not result in broken or inconsistent lines of development; quite the contrary, the major currents of Judaism run consistently through the extensive literature of the Jewish people, created in successive ages.” (Rudavsky 338) Conservative Judaism is one of the larg... [tags: United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism]
3170 words (9.1 pages)
- Faithfulness is an abstract notion, not unlike love, upon which we as a society place great value, and yet discerning why it is worthy of that value is no trivial task. Even more problematic than defining faith, personally, is the justification of the leap of faith inherent in the notion of faithfulness. For instance, from an early age, at least in American society, we are told both what and whom to be faithful to by our parents and peers, but how does one justify the acceptance of that faith. Furthermore, is it not unlikely that faithfulness to something in its entirety is unreasonable or irrational.... [tags: Bible, Judaism, Chistianity, faithfulness]
1877 words (5.4 pages)
- With the American prophets unleashed, there are many who are calling for nationwide repentance and revival. Pastor Robert Morris of Gateway Church has stated that revival starts with each believer. While the focus is to reach the unbelievers and impact the Jewish communities for Yeshua, revival must start within our own hearts, congregations and churches. The Body of Yeshua must come together and unite in prayer and action. The perpetuators of the LGBT agenda have been unified and organized for the last fifty years, systematically pushing their agenda and strategically tackling each goal.... [tags: Judaism, Jews, Persian Jews, Synagogue]
733 words (2.1 pages)
- ... Likewise and the topic of this paper Solomon provides a thorough discussion of the problems of the present global economy. In his essay Solomon provides three mind-wrenching questions that questions and supports his methods of economic reform. The first question of “is it possible to engage in the pursuit of wealth without succumbing to greed and selfishness?” brings the topic of morality when it comes to wealth (108). Sallie McFague brings an argument stating that human beings are people filled with emotions of self-interest and will do whatever it takes to become wealthy.... [tags: Judaisn, economic reform, global economy]
1119 words (3.2 pages)
- Reform Judaism in America There are three main denominations of Judaism. These denominations are Reform, Conservative, and Orthodox. Reform Judaism started to arise in America with the arrival of the German Jews. German Jews began to immigrate to the United States in large number in the 1840's. The German Jews could find better economic opportunities and more freedom in America. In December 1824,Isaac Harby, along with fifty other Jews from Charleston, spoke to leaders of their temple and demanded to see a change in the way Shabbat services were carried out in their synagogue.... [tags: American History]
522 words (1.5 pages)
- Judaism dates backs to the covenant between God and Abraham around 1800 B.C. Christianity was birthed from Judaism after the birth, crucifixion, and resurrection of Jesus Christ. Judaist do not believe that Christ was the messiah and this allowed the division of Judaism. Even though their beginnings cross, today the Christian and Judean community misunderstand each other. This essay will look at the misunderstandings and discuss if studying Judaism will assist in the elimination of the misunderstanding.... [tags: Judaism, Israel, Halakha, Torah]
1166 words (3.3 pages)
- Judaism is recognized as one of the most ancient religions in the world. Followers are united by certain beliefs such as the belief in one God. However, as time progressed, Judaism did to leading to diversity within the religion. Interpretations of the text, adherence to Halacha, and traditions followed are all aspects that separate one movement from another. Four major movements include Reform, Conservative, Modern Orthodox, and Reconstructionist Judaism. While these denominations have some binding beliefs, many aspects set these movements apart.... [tags: Judaism, Halakha, Conservative Judaism, Israel]
1682 words (4.8 pages)
- Jewish Religion is formally known as Judaism which can be described as a religion, race, culture, and a nation. Judaism is the original of three Abrahamic faiths, which includes Christianity and Islam. Judaism was originated in the Middle East over 3500 years ago. The religion was founded by Moses, although Jews trace their history back to Abraham. Jews believe that there is only one God with whom they have covenant. Judaism teaches that every person was created “b’tzelem Elohim”, which is Hebrew for “in the image of God”.... [tags: Judaism, Halakha, Conservative Judaism, Monotheism]
2080 words (5.9 pages)
- Reform Judaism In the 19th Century The most extreme precursor to the Reform movement was a man by the name of Samuel Holdheim. He was born in 1806 in Kempo in the province of Posen. At a young age he studied at a yeshiva and received a Talmudic education. He began to study German and secular subjects after his marriage to a woman with a modern education. After their divorce several years later, he began studying at the University of Prague and Berlin and received a doctorate from the University of Leipzig.... [tags: Papers]
740 words (2.1 pages)
- Hebrew religion began to give rise to Judaism after the destruction of the temple and the exile of Judah in 586 BC. The term "Jew," in its biblical use, is almost exclusively postexilic. The Jewish religion of the biblical period evolved through such historical stages as the intertestamental, rabbinic, and medieval to the modern period of the nineteenth century with Orthodox, Conservative, and Reform Judaism. Along the way Jewish religion took on new teachings and practices. But with the lengthy development of Judaism and its many changes it is incorrect to posit, as some have done, that Jewish history produced two separate religions: an OT religion of Israel and the postexilic religion of J... [tags: Judaism Jewish Religion]
928 words (2.7 pages)