The 17th century gave birth to a new school of poetry, that was led a
by a brilliant poet, John Donne. John Donne’s unconventional style of
writing and unorthodox ways of expression have inspired great
controversies since then, but at the same time elevated him to a title
not given to many ordinary poets. John Donne is amongst few poets who
have been named metaphysical poets. “The Sun Rising” is a complex
poem, which successfully demonstrates many of the qualities of
metaphysical poetry. The poem conveys the theme that love exists
independently of time and the physical world. When two people find
love together, they often become sufficient in every aspect to one
another, and form a world of their own, which has no need of the
external world. This idea is expressed in the lines of ‘The Sun
Rising’. Throughout the poem, John Donne makes use of literary
features such as hyperbole and tone to develop this theme.
“The Sun Rising” is a lyrical poem that consists of three regular
stanzas, each comprising ten lines. The rhyme scheme is the same in
all three stanzas and follows a regular ABBACDCDEE pattern. While
lines one, five and six are metered in iambic tetrameter, the second
line is dimeter and lines three, four and seven through to ten are
metered in iambic pentameter. Throughout the poem, the speaker
relentlessly tries to convince the sun that the love he shares with
his beloved is the world and that it transcends what anyone else
possesses. Even though the speaker constantly makes references to the
lover, the reader never hears her voice. She is mute. Through the
poem, there are various shifts in the tone, but it remains largely
arrogant and condescending.
Hyperbole is one of the main figures of Donne’s style ...
... middle of paper ...
...ggerated tone in order to emphasize how much he loves her. The
tone does a lot to convey, the sincerity of the speaker and his
attitude towards the concept of love.
Throughout the poem the speaker relentlessly emphasizes that their
love is so superior that it transcends time, all need for the external
world, social relations and wealth; however, at the same time, he is
constantly reminding himself of these confinements and restrictions.
For example Donne’s sly sympathy for the aging sun hints at the
reality of human aging and this undermines the speaker’s optimism and
confidence as it brings into the picture the effect of time and how
love is not really limitless. The speaker contradicts himself. Also,
paradoxically, even though the speaker claims to have love that exists
independent of all restriction, he willing confines himself to his
lover and their little world.
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