Gina Marchetti, in her essay "Action-Adventure as Ideology," argues that action- adventure films implicitly convey complex cultural messages regarding American values and the "white American status quo." She continues to say that all action-adventure movies have the same basic structure, including plot, theme, characterization, and iconography. As ideology, this film genre tacitly expresses social norms, values, and morals of its time. Marchetti's essay, written in 1989, applies to films such as Raiders of the Lost Ark and Rambo: First Blood II. However, action-adventure films today seem to be straying farther away from her generalizations about structure, reflecting new and different cultural norms in America. This changing ideology is depicted best in Oliver Stone's Natural Born Killers (1994), which defies nearly every concept Marchetti proposes about action-adventure films; and it sets the stage for a whole new viewpoint of action in the '90's.
Until recently, most action-adventure films, to some extent, fit Marchetti's general guidelines. In the case of iconography, she states that all action-adventure films are set in exotic locations, for example decaying temples or rainforests. Most modern American films, though, are set in American cities and towns in which much violence occurs. Natural Born Killers is filmed entirely in New Mexico, Arizona, and Illinois, with dry desert land forming most of the visual scenery. Why is America no longer as interested in exotic and foreign places? Perhaps the modern movies are more realistic, and therefore can solve real American social problems in the realm of fantasy.
In the case of characterization, Marchetti claims that the most st...
... middle of paper ...
...sening up in this country, although not quite to the extreme as in Natural Born Killers. Despite the controversy caused by the assumed message that "killing is cool," there is important ideology embedded within the film. There is sanity within the insane. The film, in a sense, displays the consequences caused by the suppression of the inner, free soul. We've all seen instances of people "cracking" under the pressures of modern society. I'm not suggesting that we live like wild animals, but I do think that Natural Born Killers is an excellent movie which made a natural attempt to kill standard ideology.
Natural Born Killers. Dir. Oliver Stone. With Woody Harrelson, Juliette Lewis, Tommy Lee Jones, and Robert Downy Jr. Warner Bros., 1994.
Marchetti, Gina. Action-Adventure as Ideology. Cultural Politics in Contemporary America, 1989.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Children and adults in the United States spend about seven hours a day consuming different types of entertainment, such as video games, the Internet, television, movies, and music. Studies have shown that the time spent using media surpasses different types of activities besides sleep. Today children live in homes surrounded with televisions, DVD players, CD players, computers, radios, and video game consoles. Children use television as their main source of media entertainment, but at the same time cell phones and the Internet have been increasing.... [tags: Violence, Aggression, Media violence research]
745 words (2.1 pages)
- "The evidence is overwhelming. To argue against it, the link between media violence and teen violence is like arguing against gravity," said Jeffrey McIntyre, legislative and federal affairs officer for the American Psychological Association. As children are exposed to acts of violence in the media through television, video games, music, movies, etc. alarming results are occurring. The main negative effect being an increase in aggression among youth who are regularly exposed to the media and an increase in violent patterns as they mature into adulthood.... [tags: Media Violence and Aggression]
1417 words (4 pages)
- Typically set in a crime stricken city. Centered around drugs, money, and violence. This is just a small overview of one of the best-selling video game series in the United States, Grand Theft Auto. Each game that is released is more violent and gory than the last. The high amount of violence contained in each game has risen one question to the surface of everyone’s mind, can media violence lead to the real thing. Even though we are continuously surrounded by violent films and games, most people would say violent media leads to a violent lifestyle, but I myself do not believe that.... [tags: Violence, Media violence research]
1230 words (3.5 pages)
- The effect of media violence in young children has been greatly studied by many researchers. Children’s reaction to violence is even stronger when the child identifies with same-sex TV characters and has a lower grip of reality (Huesmann, Moise-Titus, Podolski, & Eron, 2003). Younger children are just beginning to distinguish between reality and fantasy, and because of this they are able to relate more to the characters. The ability to relate to a character is even stronger when the character is the same sex as the TV viewer.... [tags: Violence, Media violence research]
1459 words (4.2 pages)
- The media in today’s society is very influential on children. There are many things that children at a very young age are learning, for example violence. Many children learn violent behavior and they become violent and aggressive children because they are exposed to so much mature content. Many parents are not aware of what their children are watching, and without knowing it, their children are raised by the media. Many television shows contain a lot of violence, for example kids fighting each other, kids bullying other kids and kids yelling and disrespecting their parents.... [tags: Media Violence Linked to Aggression]
2354 words (6.7 pages)
- Parents have always wondered how long they should let their children play video games or watch television. What would happen if their kids were exposed to too much media violence. Some people believe that too much media violence will lead to an increased level of aggression in the mind of viewers. Other claims that have been presented suggest that younger viewers are being exposed to more and more violence every year, making them develop a sort of tolerance towards violence. On the other side of this is that if children do not develop a tolerance of violence then they will be more fearful of the world and would be more likely to develop phobias.... [tags: Violence, Aggression, Media violence research]
1388 words (4 pages)
- Violence is an extensive problem throughout our world, but media violence is one of our greatest complications. Media violence has had a substantial impact on the lives of today’s adolescence. There always seems to be some type of violence being administered out into the media. There has been a heavy amount of research done on media violence to determine if it influences children to be aggressive or show violent behavior. “Research on violent television and films, video games, and music reveals unequivocal evidence that media violence increases the likelihood of aggressive and violent behavior in both immediate and long-term contexts” (Anderson).... [tags: Violence, Aggression, Media violence research]
893 words (2.6 pages)
- If a child acted violently towards someone else, like if he or she punched another child, there would be consequences for that child. Perhaps detention or grounding, but then their act of violence is mostly forgotten about. Rarely do the parents or school officials investigate why the child acted violently in the first place. If asked, the adults might say something like “the child probably watches a violent television show, like Powerangers, or he/she plays violent video games, like Grand Theft Auto.” Most people would consider that an acceptable reason.... [tags: Media Violence 2014]
2094 words (6 pages)
- Abstract In recent times, the news media has cried out against violent media, painting it as the leading cause for youth violence. Following events such as the Columbine massacre, news sources have vilified violent media, claiming that it is a primary cause of violent behavior in youths. This analysis provides firm research on the subject from the opposing and supporting sources, giving a thorough definition to the term “violent media” and brings forth evidence that other psychological effects and environmental factors are more significant causes of increased youth aggression than violent media.... [tags: Media Violence 2014]
3368 words (9.6 pages)
- A school shooting has just taken place. As I write this, the newscaster wonders if there is any connection between this and other school shootings, whether through method or motive. There will likely be a discussion on one of the myriad talk shows later, the ubiquitous scrolling headline at the bottom reading something along the lines of “Shooters Played Violent Video Games” or “Teen Killers Watched Action Movies.” And why not. Violence in the media has received an ample amount of attention in the past few years.... [tags: Media Violence, 2014]
1484 words (4.2 pages)
- Comparing the Theme of Self-Discovery in Demian and Siddhartha
- Comparing Spiritual Growth in Gardener's Grendel and Hesse's Siddhartha
- Siddhartha Essay: The Symbols of the Smile and the River in Siddhartha
- Siddhartha Essays: Form, Style, and Content
- blackhod Black vs. White in Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness
- Siddhartha: The Journey for Inner Peace and Happiness