According to Aristotelian philosophy a tragedy is a compressed
development of a single plot. Aristotle's principles have been derived
from Greek mythology. He studied their plays, which had been enacted
and hence laid down a set of rules. All playwrights and authors have
followed his rules for centuries his rules have been considered a
guide to a well-written tragedy.
Aristotle states that for a play to be a tragedy the play should
consist of a genre and generic attributes. It should have a
mimesis/imitation for Aristotle all literature was an art of imitation
as artists imitated life to produce their literature the same with the
audience they would try to mime what they had seen heard or read. A
tragedy should have a proportion. It should be complete, serious and
of appropriate magnitude. A tragedy should have a literature function
it should invoke two kinds of emotions that is pity and fear. The
emotional purging is needed. Character construction is needed. Tragic
constructions all have two qualities by which they are judged; the
characters should have the goodness in the moral sense and appropriate
amount of social mores, truth life and consistency. Subcomponents of a
tragic play, they should have six parts plot, character, diction,
thought, spectacle and song. Literature and human nature, according to
Aristotle our qualities are determined by our characters. A perfect
tragedy should imitate a complex action while leading a good man to
misfortune by error this is the tragic flaw.
Completeness of work i.e. unity of work and time the key qualities are
it should have a beginning middle and an end. This should be enough to
move a character from calamity to good fortu...
... middle of paper ...
...e Spanish tragedy written by
Thomas Kyd is an excellent example of a revenge tragedy. With this
play the Elizabethan Theater revived its first revenge tragedy.
Because of the success of this play the dramatic form had to be
imitated. Seneca was among the greatest authors of classical tragedies
and there was not one educated Elizabethan who was unaware of him and
his plays. There were certain stylistic and different strategically
thoughts and devices those Elizabethan playwrights, including
Shakespeare learned from Seneca.
Looking of the character of Hamlet we can say that his life is a
parallel to Jesus' life as most of the crucial details are evident.
Hamlet does appear as martyr or a Christ live figure in act five scene
2 when he chooses to have a honest leader to rule the state and give
up his own life to rid the state of an evil and undeserving one.
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