Women were valued in the Middle Ages, but only as an economic commodity (Mundy 212). They served two main functions within medieval society: child bearer and manual laborer. Because women represented a large source of cheap labor, they quickly became the mainstay of the medieval economy. In many cases they would work along side men in the fields. However, women were paid less than children's wages for their work (Cipolla 234). The Church would not allow women to hold jobs that required literacy (Mundy 209). In fact, aside from hard labor the only occupation open to women was midwifery. "In hospital work women were almost as important as men" (Mundy 210). The textile industry was dominated by women, especially the woolen and silk industries (Cipolla 200). Though women enjoyed virtual domination in these crafts, they were still paid next to nothing. In addition to the intense labor, women had household duties to fulfill, especially if a woman was married (Cipolla 266)....
... middle of paper ...
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St. Bernardino. Extracts from Sermons 18-22, "Thou shalt
love thy neighbor as thyself."(Luke X,27). Rpt in Life
in the Middle Ages Ed. Coulton, G.G. Cambridge:
University Press, 1954, vol. 3. p. 222,224.
St. Jerome. "Letter to Eustochium". Rpt in Life in the
Middle Ages. Ed. Coulton, G.G. Cambridge: University
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von Regensburg, Berthold. Sermons 242,253,397,408. Vienna:
Franz Pfriffa, 1862, vol. 1&2. Rpt in Life in the
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Wood, Charles T. The Age of Chivalry. London: Weidenfield
and Nicholson, 1970. p.56,lO7,121.
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