The theme of “autonomy and responsibility” is prevalent in many major wars of revolution throughout the history of the world and especially in the events that occurred in England during the seventeenth century. Autonomy is defined as self-government and existing or functioning independently. Responsibility is having obligations or duties to something and being able to distinguish between right and wrong. In England, the political leaders drove King James II out of the country in order to end his oppressive rule as an absolute monarch. The Dutch Prince William of Orange, James’ son-in-law, invaded England to rule. Parliament gave the throne to William and his wife Mary but placed restrictions on their sovereignty with the Bill of Rights. This declaration gave more power to the people and made them more responsible in government. The Glorious Revolution resulted in the Parliament and the common people of England having more autonomy and responsibility in the government.
The people of England and the members of Parliament wanted to be free of the rule of King James II. James sought religious toleration for Catholics and he “repeatedly stated that he wanted to establish the Catholic religion.”1 The people of England feared that James II would pass on a Catholic dynasty. He was married to a Catholic wife who bore a male heir in June of 1688. He continually ignored public opinion during the last months of his reign and believed that God favored his actions.2 The two big political parties in Parliament, the Whigs and the Tories, joined together in opposition to James. The people of England elected these men to their positions, so they represented the majority opinion. ...
... middle of paper ...
...Press, 1991), 87.
5 “The Glorious Revolution.”
http://landow.stg.brown.edu/victorian/history/Glorious_Revolution.html. (October 22,
6 Morrill, 84.
7 Morrill, 84.
8 Morrill, 88-89.
9 Speck, 147.
10 Speck, 141, 145-7.
11 “The Bill of Rights,” in The Revolution of 1688 and the Birth of the English
Political Nation, 2nd ed., ed. Gerald M. Straka (Lexington: D.C. Heath and Company,
12 “The Bill of Rights,” 63.
13 David Ogg, “The Revolution as a Reinforcement of English Institutions,” in The
Revolution of 1688 and the Birth of the English Political Nation, 2nd ed., ed. Gerald
M. Straka (Lexington: D.C. Heath and Company, 1973), 105.
14 Ogg, 105.
15 Jack P. Greene, Negotiated Authorities (Charlottesville: University Press of
Virginia, 1994), 81.
16 Greene, 81.
17 Greene, 82-83.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- While John Locke was writing both the Second Treatise of Government and A Letter Concerning Toleration there were two influences that were his inspiration for those two writings. The English Civil War (1642-1649) and The Glorious Revolution (1688- 1689). The Civil War because of disconnect between the people and the monarchy. The Glorious Revolution was a bloodless war that installed William III and Mary II into power in the country. Locke’s writing stresses two different aspects involving the issues that he saw in his government and tried to offer ways of changing them, although some of his colleagues may disagree with him.... [tags: Government, Monarchy, Constitutional monarchy]
1460 words (4.2 pages)
- The Glorious revolution was a changing point in the course of history. It was the first revolution of its kind which led to many more like the American revolution. There were many similarities between the Glorious and American revolution, John Locke played a key role in both revolutions, and Locke’s ideas were mirrored in the Declaration of Independence. The Glorious Revolution took place in England in 1688. They wanted to overthrow King James because people in the English parliament didn’t want to have a dynasty of Catholic monarchs.... [tags: United States Declaration of Independence]
722 words (2.1 pages)
- The Glorious Revolution Some say the glorious revolution was one of the greatest landmarks in the history of England. The glorious revolution is a very important event in history for multiple reasons. It wasn’t exactly a peaceful occasion but it was one in which no war of fight occurred. This was a pleasant change for England at the time because they had been experiencing plenty of fights over the throne and for once it was a relatively smooth transaction. After Charles the second died his brother, James the second gained the throne in 1685.... [tags: Great Britain]
466 words (1.3 pages)
- I. Introduction A. Attention getter: The Glorious Revolution was a bloodless overthrow of the reigning king at the time, James II. B. Background information: James II was King of England from February 6, 1685 until he was removed from the throne in 1688. He was the last Catholic ruler to reign over the English kingdom. The majority of people disliked him and wanted him to give up his title of being king. C. Thesis statement: There were several causes and effects of the Glorious Revolution that led to how the British Parliament is governed today.... [tags: James II, King of England, Catholic]
1067 words (3 pages)
- The Causes of the Industrial Revolution The causes of the Industrial Revolution were complex and remain a topic for debate, with some historians seeing the Revolution as an outgrowth of social and institutional changes wrought by the end of feudalism in Great Britain after the English Civil War in the 17th century. The Enclosure movement and the British Agricultural Revolution made food production more efficient and less labor-intensive, forcing the surplus population who could no longer find employment in agriculture into the cities to seek work in the newly developed factories.... [tags: Industrial Revolution History Essays]
4972 words (14.2 pages)
- The American Revolution had a number of underlying causes, some of which were unavoidable and others which perhaps could have been resolved, but one undeniable beginning was the movement known as anglicization. Before the 1700’s each colony had been acting mostly on its own. They all had different cultures and mixtures of peoples and beliefs. In fact they were becoming increasingly diverse until the early 18th century, when the colonies had stable enough economies and settlements that they started wanting the finer things in life, and they weren 't just worried about survival.... [tags: American Revolution, Thirteen Colonies]
1456 words (4.2 pages)
- The period of 18th and 19th century is marked by the greatest transformations, reformations, revolutions and many other critical events that ever took place in human history. The credit is given to all these revolutions for enlightenment of mankind. The two most important revolutions were the French revolution and the industrial revolution. One can feel that both of these revolutions mutually reinforced each other and later became the back bone of all other revolutions. On the other hand, both revolutions had totally different impacts and consequences at various economical, political and social realms.... [tags: 18th Century, 19th Century]
1293 words (3.7 pages)
- Hume on Revolution David Hume offers a well conceived plan for the formation of government and its political workings. Furthermore, he grants that in special circumstances the citizens of a particular government may revolt. However, with respect to obedience and disloyalty, Hume gives no formal rules for revolution. We would like something more from Hume regarding revolution and, more specifically, what he considers justified revolution. Some authors, such as Richard H. Dees, find the basis for Hume’s account of justified revolution in his historical works.... [tags: Government Politics Papers]
4200 words (12 pages)
- Before the American Revolution there was the Enlightenment and Great Awakening period. The Enlightenment and Great Awakening period were different from each other but in similarities they both challenged the way society thoughts of situations in life. They both had a big impact leading towards the American Revolution and how the colonist were thinking differently from before. They were able to think outside the box and become more of a personality than a group. The Enlightenment was a philosophical, social movement that challenged the ideals of reality.... [tags: American Revolution]
1091 words (3.1 pages)
- One of the six revolutions that I have studied independently is the Glorious Revolution. The Glorious Revolution took place in England during 1688 to 1689. James II and the Catholic church were in control of the land. The old regime was James II, along with the Catholic church. James II, the second surviving son of Charles I, became king of England in 1685. James crushed two revolts upon his newly found land. One, controlled by his nephew, James Scott, duke of Monmouth, and the other controlled by Archibald Campbell, ninth earl of Argyll.... [tags: essays research papers]
425 words (1.2 pages)