John Locke is considered to be England’s most prominent philosopher. He was born August 29, 1632 in a small town of Somerset, which is south of Bristol, England. Locke was the oldest of three children. His mother died when he was 22 years old and Locke spoke of her very well. Locke’s father was a Puritan attorney and clerk to a justice of the peace in the town where Locke was born. He was very strict with his son when he was younger. which Locke later believed that parents should be stricter and less indulgent towards their children. John Locke was raised in a home that was very concerned with education. He was educated mostly in doctrines of political liberty and always surrounded by important political figures because of his father’s occupation. ?
In 1650 Locke was elected as a King’s scholar, and in 1652 he became a candidate for a scholarship at Oxford and Cambridge. Locke attended Oxford to study where his interest in Philosophy began.2 He was not pleased with the philosophy that was taught here because it was taught with obscure terms and useless questions. His true interest in the philosophical world came when he read Aristotle. During Locke’s time at Oxford Francis Bacon said “a total reconstruction of the sciences, arts, and all human knowledge must be undertaken”.3 Locke was very interested in medical experiments at Oxford especially the method or principles on which they were based. As a result of these experiments in 1650 Locke had concluded that his task was to “ investigate problems concerning the foundations of human knowledge, belief, and opinion”.4 He spent most of his intellectual life trying to answer two questions: How is it that human beings can know anything? And how shou...
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... Society not only in England, but all over the world followed his beliefs and writings. At a time when most of society thought that his ideas were not his own, but Locke knew what he believed and followed it.
1. Kathleen M. Squadrito, John Locke (Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1979), 13-15.
2. Squadrito, 17.
3. Squadrito, 17.
4. John Dunn, Locke (Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, 1984), 52.
5. Squadrito, 18.
6. Vere Chappell, The Cambridge Companion to Locke (Cambridge University Press, 1994),
7. Hans Aarsleff, The Cambridge Companion to Locke (Cambridge University Press, 1994),
8. Aarsleff, 253.
9. Aarsleff, 254.
10. Aasleff, 255.
11. Dunn, 19.
12. Dunn, 19-20.
13. Aarsleff 277-278.
14. Aarsleff 278.
15. Aarsleff 279.
16. Aarsleff 279.
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