Starting and during the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, some people began to question the principles of their classical and medieval teachings. They were introduced and started to prefer a new scientific way of drawing conclusions by simply observing themselves and the world around them. Moreover, during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, this scientific attitude progressed to dominate the thinking of the economically stable, well-educated upper, and comfortable classes of Europe. These people later came to be responsible for the foundation of modern science. In addition, the new scientific approach led to new and revolutionary philosophies of government, which insisted that people are able to rule themselves in a just way. The ending conflicts, such as the Thirty Years War and Puritan's loss of control of the British government, caused a majority of Europeans to be sick and tired of religious controversies. Many of them saw that the only solution to prevent further quarrel was by modernizing their faiths or turning to a secular life-style. Some individuals took a more radical action and abandoned religious affairs altogether. Some of the new ways that branched out of the religious affairs were Pietism, Romanticism, and various ranges of Deism. As result, the role of the Church was being substantially declined.
One of the first ways in which Christians modernized their faiths was by a new philosophy of religion called pietism. These Christians who became "pietistic," believed that it was more important to lead a simple Christ-like life, than to insist on any specific dogma. These Christians demanded that rational thought be subordinate to faith and that inner devotion was more i...
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...orld saw an evolution of the common faith as a result of new scientific thinking and the seeking of new ideas or alternatives to the present ones. Some of these new ideas became known as pietism, romanticism, deism, atheism, and a beginning to liberal theology.
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