How Did the Role of the Jewish People Change During the Second Industrial Revolution?

How Did the Role of the Jewish People Change During the Second Industrial Revolution?

Length: 810 words (2.3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The Jews in Europe were treated very poorly until a reform began in the late eighteenth century. The Jews lived in ghettos where they were not even considered citizens. The Jewish Enlightenment questioned this treatment.

Emancipation is defined as, "the legal process, which began in Europe with the French Revolution, or granting to the jews equal civic rights in the countries in which they reside." The Jewish emancipation occurred during the Second Industrial Revolution due to the rise of nation-state and mercantilism (Calgary). The Jewish emancipation began at the end of the eighteenth century. It offered jews social, economic, and political opportunities, but it challenged traditional jewish life and values by making available new avenues of integration (Cornell).

The Enlightenment was a "jewish ideological movement that aimed at modernizing Jewish life and thought" (Calgary). During the enlightenment some reforms were made. In 1782, Joseph II gave the Jews of the Habsburg Empire equal treatment as the Christians. France gave citizenship to Jews in 1789. Also during this time places such as Italy and Germany were treating Jews and Christians equally. An exception to the fair treatment was Russia. Russia continued to discriminate against Jews until World War I. The Russian government controlled the publication of Jewish books, the areas Jews could live in, and excluded them from receiving a higher education. The government even started riots in the Jewish communities. This was when many Jews decided to leave Russia and move to the United States. At the time they had all the legal rights as others, but they did encounter prejudice in the United States.

Life seemed to improve greatly for t...


... middle of paper ...


...ere treated equally in Europe made the transition more difficult when the discrimination began again. The treatment of Jews became very bad in the years preceding the First World War and they did not improve for many more years of pain and suffering.

Borneman, John and Jeffery M. Peck. Sojourners. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press,1995.

Caron, V. Cornell University. March 1, 1998. www.cornell.edu/Academic/Courses97/csas/as1359.html.

Colby University. March 3, 1998. www.colby.edu/personal/rmscheck/GermanyB4.html.

Glatzer, Nahum Norbert. C.A.N.D.L.E.S. March 15, 1998. www.candles_museum.com/antsem.htm.

Greenberg, Louis. The Jews in Russia. Ed. Mark Wischnitzer. New York: Schocken Books, 1976.

Segal, Eliezer. University of Calgary. February 27, 1998. http://acs6.acs.ucalgary.ca/~elsegal/363_Transp/02_Emancipation.html.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Agent Of Change : The Industrial Revolution Essay

- Agent of Change: The Industrial Revolution The Industrial Revolution was one of the most important turning points in global history and it is also one of the main topic discussed in chapter 3 of the textbook, Mass media. It is in this revolutionary era where series of extraordinary innovations altered the ways in which people lived and continued to live for the next 150 years. There were two stages of industrial revolution, each occurred in different time periods. The first industrial revolution occurred in Britain during the 1830s with the developments of textiles, iron and steam....   [tags: Industrial Revolution, Steam engine, Factory]

Better Essays
901 words (2.6 pages)

Essay about The Climate Change And The Role Of Donors

- One of the most pushing issues in the world is the climate change, which is a greater risk to the human being rather than any other matters such as humanitarian assistance or development. In this paper I will briefly define the climate change, discuss the facts about the climate change and the role of donors to increase funding to address this issue in lieu of humanitarian aid or economic development. Climate change is the change in weather that lasts for a long period of time. It also refers to global warming....   [tags: Carbon dioxide, Greenhouse gas, Climate change]

Better Essays
721 words (2.1 pages)

Essay on The Fall And The Rise Of The Jewish South

- In Eli Evan’s The Provincials and Stuart Rockoff’s piece “The Fall and the Rise of the Jewish South” the reader looks at the changing life and times for people of Jewish ancestry in the American south. Since the 1950’s, the Jewish south has experienced rife anti-semitism, a demographic shift as small town populations significantly decreased while large cities grew, and social change due to the civil rights movement. The small town south experienced an exodus of its Jewish population following World War II....   [tags: Jews, Judaism, Antisemitism, Jewish history]

Better Essays
1144 words (3.3 pages)

Changes Of The Industrial Revolution Essay

- The Industrial Revolution brought many changes to the societies that experienced the process of industrialization. Some of the changes benefited society, while others caused harm to most of the society. Most affected by these changes was the working class of these societies. In regards to the working people of the country of England, they experienced a lot of pain caused by industrialization. The gains of the Industrial Revolution in England from 1780 to 1850 were not worth the pain that was caused by it, which primarily affected the working class of England....   [tags: Industrial Revolution]

Better Essays
1050 words (3 pages)

Industrial Revolution as a Time of Change Essay

- Industrial Revolution as a Time of Change The Industrial Revolution was a time of drastic change that transformed hand tools and hand made items to machine manufactured and produced goods. Inventions brought on the most drastic changes during the Industrial Revolution. Machines made life much easier while decreasing prices of goods and generally improving life. (mhirotsu.htm). Before the 1750's, life was primitive but simple, which is vastly different from the complex culture that arose from the Industrial Revolution....   [tags: Industrial Revolution History Technology Essays]

Better Essays
1137 words (3.2 pages)

The Jewish Partisans of The Holocaust Essay

- Resistance during the Holocaust, both Jewish and non-Jewish, is a daunting task to cover. Information abounds in relation to this which leads to the problem of putting all of it into one paper. Due to this, I will only cover the specifically Jewish Partisan fighters. The movements are divided into two groups of Eastern and Western Fighters. Partisans fought in almost every European country including but not limited to Belgium, Poland, Russia, France, Italy, Greece, and Lithuania. “A partisan is a member of an organized body of fighters who attack or harass an enemy, especially within occupied territory; a guerrilla.” The Jewish partisans were mostly teenagers, both male and female, of whic...   [tags: Nazi, Jewish]

Better Essays
1148 words (3.3 pages)

Impact Of The Industrial Revolution On The World Essay

- The industrial revolution was undoubtedly one of the most influential intercontinental waves of change the world has ever experienced. Preceding the industrial revolution was a non technologized planet with little to no industrialization. Manufacturing was done in the home, either by hand or with simple machines. Most families lived on farms or in small rural villages that had little aspect of urban life. How did the world change and urbanize so abruptly. With the use of innovations like the spinning jenny and the steam engine, there was a dramatic rise in productivity and manufacturing that firstly sparked in Great Britain....   [tags: Industrial Revolution, Factory, Industrialisation]

Better Essays
1682 words (4.8 pages)

Industrialization Of The Industrial Revolution Essay

- The Industrial Revolution was when a change occurred of how goods were made and sold. Before the Industrial Revolution, people made goods by hand and in their homes. The Industrial Revolution really changed the world; it brought better economic opportunities and opened doors for many Americans. Three major aspects of industrialization that influenced US society, economy, and politics were technology, rise of factories, and urbanization. Technology played a major role because a lot of inventions were created during this time....   [tags: Industrial Revolution, Factory]

Better Essays
1111 words (3.2 pages)

Essay Jewish Religions

- Jewish Religions Passover (Pesah), which celebrates the Exodus of the Israelites from Egypt, begins on the fifteenth of the month of Nisan and continues for seven days, through Nisan 21, though many Diaspora communities celebrate it for eight days (Strassfeld, Michael, 1985). The name Passover is taken from the Exodus story: During the tenth and ultimate plague inflicted on Pharaoh to break his will, God passed over the Israelites and struck down only the Egyptian firstborn. That night Pharaoh finally agreed to let the Israelites go; and ever since then, we gather together on that night to commemorate that time, and to contemplate the meaning of being freed by the "mighty hand and outstretc...   [tags: Jewish Religion Religoius]

Free Essays
1709 words (4.9 pages)

Tragedy in Jewish History Essay

- Tragedy in Jewish History The Jews are a people with a multitude of dilemmas. From the Israelite tribes to the prosperous modern day Israel , bigotry towards the Jews has been greatly evident. The Jewish race has acted as Escape Goat for many crisis throughout history including the black plague which swept across Europe in the 14th century. The establishment of Israel was a great incident was something the Jewish people were striving to obtain for generations. This, however, led to four major conflicts between Israel and the Arab countries....   [tags: Jewish History]

Better Essays
1164 words (3.3 pages)