Essay about Prevention of Transmissible Infections in Preoperative Settings

Essay about Prevention of Transmissible Infections in Preoperative Settings

Length: 1100 words (3.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Protection of the patients and the healthcare personnel is a key role for the pre-operative nurses. The aim is to prevent the transfer of infection or drug effects from the patient to a second party, may it be the health care personnel or other patients for instance, the control of Mycobacterium tuberculosis to the patient in a ward or to the visitors. The fundamental principle to infection prevention is breaking the elements required for and infection to occur. This chain entails the pathogen source, a susceptible host, and a method of transmission.
The clinical practice issue selected was breastfeeding analgesics and anaesthetics, and the conditions that instigate their use amongst breastfeeding mothers. In general, pharmacology, one method of drug excretion is through the breast milk by lactating mothers. This may consequently result to negative effects on the infant. It is therefore important for the clinical staff to come up with ways of controlling anesthetics for the post and pre-partum period (Halpern, 2005).
The key goal is to offer recommendations for safe and correct administration of the pharmacologic agents for anesthesia and pain management amongst breastfeeding mothers during labor, postpartum period and for lactating women during surgery. The article further examines the evidence available currently, for different approaches in labor and pain management on breastfeeding effects.
Maternity care staff should create an informed consent discussion for labor pain management in the prenatal period, and before the onset of labor. The risk analysis should entail what the medical professionals acknowledged and documented about the consequences of the various modalities on labor progress, the risk margins of instrum...

... middle of paper ...

...nesthetic gases such as xenon similarly have brief distribution phases and milk levels are similarly nil. This has been supported by a recent study, which has shown that xenon maintenance after propofol induction would allow immediate breastfeeding after surgery. Specific local anesthetics for epidural use including ropivacaine and bupivacaine are poorly absorbed orally such that they should be safe in postpartum breast milk since their levels in milk is extremely low.

Works Cited

Benzon, H. T. (2005). Essentials of pain medicine and regional anesthesia (2nd ed.). Philadelphia: Elsevier-Churchill Livingstone.
Halpern, S. H. (2005). Evidence-based obstetric anesthesia. Malden, Mass: BMJ Books.
National Guideline Clearinghouse. (2012). Analgesia and anesthesia for the breastfeeding mother. Retrieved from

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Recommended Practices For Prevention Of Transmissible Infections Essays

- The clinical guidelines summarized in this paper are the “Recommended practices for prevention of transmissible infections in the perioperative practice setting”. These guidelines were put together in December of 2012 by the Association of Perioperative Registered Nurses (AORN). The scope of these guidelines includes any condition that requires the use of surgical and other invasive procedure type care. The purpose is to give nurses and other medical professionals in the operative setting direction of how to implement standard and transmission based precautions....   [tags: Nursing, Patient, Health care provider]

Strong Essays
1017 words (2.9 pages)

Taking a Lok at Nosocomial Infections Essay

- Patients in hospitals or in patient care faculties are unaware of the harmful agents they are exposed to when entering those environments. One harmful agent that can be obtained is a nosocomial infection. There are different types of nosocomial infections and numerous ways of acquiring them. Nosocomial infections are also known as hospital acquired infection (HAI). These infections are seriously life threatening but can be prevented. Nosocomial diseases are among some of the most common and costly medical problems today....   [tags: hospital acquired infections]

Strong Essays
531 words (1.5 pages)

Essay on Preventing Postoperative Infections in Contaract Surgery

- DISCUSSION In the wake of concerns about increasing rates of postoperative endophthalmitis and antibiotic resistance, continuing efforts are made to find the most effective prophylactic method for preventing postoperative infections. Despite this, endophthalmitis continues to be one of the most devastating complications of cataract surgery. Several factors are suggested to be involved in this process, such as the surgical technique, the intraoperative contamination of the anterior chamber and the increasing age of patients undergoing phacoemulsification....   [tags: technique, patients, infections]

Strong Essays
1926 words (5.5 pages)

Essay about Health Associated Infections

- Hospital acquired infections are one of the most common complications of care in the hospital setting. Hospital acquired infections are infections that patients acquired during the stay in the hospital. These infections can cause an increase number of days the patients stay in the hospital. Hospital acquired infections makes the patients worse or even causes death. “In the USA alone, hospital acquired infections cause about 1.7 million infections and 99,000 deaths per year”(secondary). Nursing diagnosis Hospital acquired infections are spread by numerous routes including contact, intravenous routes, air, water, oral routes, and through surgery....   [tags: Hospital Acquired Infections, Complications]

Strong Essays
1616 words (4.6 pages)

Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies (TSEs) Essay

- ... PrPC expression is indispensable for prion-induced neurotoxicity, implying PrPC could be a receptor for prions to trigger detrimental signaling. The scenario could be broader. It is reported that PrPC transducers the synaptic toxicity of amyloid-β (Aβ) oligomers in vitro and in Aβ transgenic mice. Moreover, different anti-PrP antibodies or their antigen-binding fragments that disrupt the PrP–Aβ interaction were able to block the Aβ-mediated disruption of synaptic plasticity. These findings were deemed exciting because they suggest the involvement of PrPC in Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathogenesis....   [tags: prion, disease, disorders, loss, response]

Strong Essays
1094 words (3.1 pages)

Healthcare Associated Infections ( Hai ) Essay

- Healthcare-associated infections (HAI) occur in hospitals each day, costing approximately $10 billion per year in the United States (Cantrell, 2016). Surgical site infections (SSI) are the top leaders in HAI’s acquired by patients reaching an estimated $20,785 per case or event (Cantrell, 2016). Hospitals and surgical staff work effortlessly to prevent and improve surgical outcomes by reducing the rate of SSI’s. One of the largest areas for prevention of surgical site infections is associated with surgical site skin antisepsis and removal of surgical site hair....   [tags: Antiseptic, Surgery, Bacteria, Infection]

Strong Essays
2025 words (5.8 pages)

Fungal Infections in Immunocompromised Hosts Essay

- ... In addition, Candida albicans possesses cAMP dependant pathways such as Efg1 transcription factor that controls and regulates its morphogenesis. The species also secretes virulent factors: phospholipase A, B and C which are hydrolytic and proteolytic to destroy many host factors, and speed up adherence and penetration into the host. Consequently, increasing fungal infections are seen in immunocompromised host mainly: HIV and cancer patients. More research is desirable to reduce mortality and morbidity caused by this yeast pathogen....   [tags: patients, infections, yeast]

Strong Essays
1235 words (3.5 pages)

Urinary Tract Infections : A Common Infection Essay

- Abstract A urinary tract infection is a very common infection that can happen to anybody. A urinary tract infection usually occurs when bacteria enters the urethra and multiples in the urinary system. The Urinary tract includes the kidneys, the thin tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder (ureters), and the main tube that carries the urine from the bladder (urethra). Women, men, and children are all immune to this infection. Women have the highest chances of getting it. In the Urinary tract, the main links of the ureters help get rid of any bacteria that tries to enter the urine, and the bladder helps prevent urine from backing up into the kidneys....   [tags: Urine, Urinary tract infection, Kidney]

Strong Essays
1251 words (3.6 pages)

Essay about Healthcare Associated Infections

- Introduction Nosocomial infections also known as healthcare associated infections (HAI’s) are infections that patients get while receiving treatment for another condition in a healthcare facility. In 2011, there were an estimated 722,000 HAIs in U.S acute care hospitals and of those about 75,000 died (CDC, 2014).The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) estimates the financial burden attributable to HAIs to be between $28 billion to $33 billion each year. The thousands of people who die yearly and the heavy financial burden caused by HAIs, proves that there is still a lot of room for improving the current quality control processes which are in place to curb HAIs....   [tags: nosocomial infections, quality control processes]

Strong Essays
1139 words (3.3 pages)

The Effects of Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies on Humans Essay

- The Effects of Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies on Humans Abstract Humans have to deal with many different diseases and the ones most disliked are the ones with no cures. Like cancer, transmissible spongiform encephalopathies have no cure, but they are more rare. These diseases are prion diseases which cause the brain to deteriorate. Prions are proteins that sometimes behave like viruses, which mean that they should have some form of nucleic acid, but since they don’t, they cause abnormalities....   [tags: BSE Prion Mad Cow Disease]

Strong Essays
1377 words (3.9 pages)