The Prevention Of Breast Cancer Essay

The Prevention Of Breast Cancer Essay

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Breast cancer is a disease in which cells in the breast tissue grow and divide without normal control. The continued growth of cells forms a lump or mass called a tumor. Tumors can then be either classified as benign or malignant which influence the regulation of the cell growth on surrounding tissues. Breast cancer is commonly viewed as a single disease, but the disease has variation among tumor size, location in the breast, or presence/absence of estrogen receptors.
Incidence of breast cancer globally has risen due to increased urbanization, and life expectancy. Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in women worldwide, and a considerable burden on women and men who develop it. In the United States 1 in 8 women will be diagnosed breast cancer. Economic burden of breast cancer in the United States in 2012 was 17 billion which also included economic value of life lost due to premature death. Premature dealth There still exist many gaps in the research to fully understand what are the environmental causes breast cancer. The environment and breast cancer is not fully understood by researcher who look at external factors and how they influence increase risk. Research shows that women from a low risk breast cancer country, who migrate to other urbanized countries will then have a higher risk of developing breast cancer. This demonstrates that there is an environmental connection for developing breast cancer.
Currently there are only six substances that have been associated with possibly causing in humans are: diethylstilbestrol, a synthetic form of estrogen that was used to prevent miscarriages; steroidal estrogens used for menopausal therapy; X-ray and gamma radiation; alcoholic beverages; tobacco smoking; and the steri...


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...lso mechanism for how breast cancer develops and progresses. There are specific times of susceptibility throughout an individual 's life that environmental exposures could influence breast cancer development. Earlier exposures are less likely to be considered at the time of diagnosis, but are likely to be causing abnormalities. Most studies have investigated the environmental factors that happen in adult life around the time a person is diagnosed. Earlier exposures may give insight to the mammary gland development and environment factors that can cause changes in breast development. In animals studies earlier exposures are the most sensitive for predictive breast cancer effects.
Environmental factors and breast cancer need to be researched in more depth. They seem to be researched individually and need better methods to understand how one influences the other.





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