Previously, it was the case that men were much more likely to abuse alcohol, as they were much higher consumers. (Institute of Alcohol Studies, 2013). In 2013 18% of men and 13% of women drank alcohol at a harmful level and 5% of men and 3% of women drank at an amount with even higher risk levels (The Health and Social Care Information Centre, 2015). However, although males still drink more than females, in the past few decades, alcohol consumption by women in the UK and other countries has increased greatly, the gap between male and female is decreasing and the prevalence of women drinking has stayed on a high scale. (ISA, 2013). The IAS (2013) also state that this is especially the case in teenage girls, with the likelihood for binge drinking being as high as for teenage boys. NHS choices (2014) define binge drinking as drinking large amounts of alcohol (8 units in one session for men and 6 for women) with the specific intent of becoming inebriated. Although, they add that this does not apply in every case due to a variation in tolerance levels and speed at which an individual drinks.
The Independent online (Ware, 2015) reported on a survey carried out using Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT), which identified that over 50% of females in the UK are drinking too much alcohol. This test was developed by the World Health Organisation (Saunders, Aasland, Babo...
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...ld display that more women than men consume no alcohol at all throughout their lives (Assanangkornchai, Pinkaew, & Apakupakul, 2003; Beals, Spicer, Mitchell, Novins & Manson, 2003; Caraveo-Anduaga, Colmenares-Bermúdez & Saldívar-Hernández, 1999; Meyer et al., 2000; Vahtera et al., 2002). Women who abuse alcohol tend to do so for a shorter period in their lives (Hernandez-Avila, Rounsaville & Kranzler, 2004). Although, according to Greenfield, Back, Lawson and Brady (2010) they are more likely to present with worse problems, both physical and psychological, when entering treatment as they develop an alcohol dependence more quickly than men.
Although these studies found a problem with women abusing alcohol, the problem may actually be underestimated as most studies and surveys rely on ‘self - reporting’ (National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, (2004).
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